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Asked by Pranav Satti

Sep 1, 2014

Prove that 9AD2 = 7AB2

In an equilateral Δ ABC, the side BC is trisected at D. Prove that 9AD2 = 7AB2

Answers(3)

Answer

NextGurukul Guest User

Member since Apr 1, 2017

In this solution triangle ABC and ACE is taken in place of ABC, ABE should be taken.

Raghunath Reddy

Member since Apr 11, 2014

Sol:

Given:   In an equilateral triangle ΔABC. The side BC is trisected at D such that BD = (1/3) BC.

To prove:  9AD= 7AB2

Construction:  Draw AE ⊥ BC.

Proof :

In a ΔABC and ΔACE

AB = AC ( Given)

AE = AE ( common)

∠AEB = ∠AEC = 90°

∴ ΔABC ≅ ΔACE ( For RHS criterion)

BE = EC (By C.P.C.T)

BE = EC = BC / 2

In a right angled triangle ADE

AD2 = AE2 + DE2 ---------(1)

In a right angled triangle ABE

AB2 = AE2 + BE2 ---------(2)

From equ (1) and (2) we obtain

⇒ AD2  - AB2 =  DE2 - BE2 .

⇒ AD2  - AB2 = (BE – BD)2 - BE2 .

⇒ AD2  - AB2 = (BC / 2 – BC/3)2 – (BC/2)2

⇒ AD2  - AB2 = ((3BC – 2BC)/6)2 – (BC/2)2

⇒ AD2  - AB2 = BC2 / 36 – BC2 / 4 ( In a equilateral triangle ΔABC, AB = BC = CA)

⇒ AD2 = AB2 + AB2 / 36 – AB2 / 4

⇒ AD2 = (36AB2 + AB2– 9AB2) / 36

⇒ AD2 = (28AB2) / 36

⇒ AD2 = (7AB2) / 9

9AD2 = 7AB2 .

Syeda

Member since Jan 25, 2017

Answer.



Given:   In an equilateral triangle ΔABC. The side BC is trisected at D such that BD = (1/3) BC.

To prove:  9AD= 7AB2

Construction:  Draw AE ⊥ BC.

Proof :

In a ΔABC and ΔACE

AB = AC ( Given)

AE = AE ( common)

∠AEB = ∠AEC = 90°

∴ ΔABC ≅ ΔACE ( For RHS criterion)

BE = EC (By C.P.C.T)

BE = EC = BC / 2

In a right angled triangle ADE

AD2 = AE2 + DE2 ---------(1)

In a right angled triangle ABE

AB2 = AE2 + BE2 ---------(2)

From equ (1) and (2) we obtain

⇒ AD2  - AB2 =  DE2 - BE2 .

⇒ AD2  - AB2 = (BE – BD)2 - BE2 .

⇒ AD2  - AB2 = (BC / 2 – BC/3)2 – (BC/2)2

⇒ AD2  - AB2 = ((3BC – 2BC)/6)2 – (BC/2)2

⇒ AD2  - AB2 = BC2 / 36 – BC2 / 4 ( In a equilateral triangle ΔABC, AB = BC = CA)

⇒ AD2 = AB2 + AB2 / 36 – AB2 / 4

⇒ AD2 = (36AB2 + AB2– 9AB2) / 36

⇒ AD2 = (28AB2) / 36

⇒ AD2 = (7AB2) / 9

9AD2 = 7AB2 .

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