Get a free home demo of LearnNext

Available for CBSE, ICSE and State Board syllabus.
Call our LearnNext Expert on 1800 419 1234 (tollfree)
OR submit details below for a call back

clear

Prem Sidharth

Jun 1, 2015

Briefly discuss the causes of the French Revolution of 1789

Briefly discuss the causes of the French Revolution of 1789

Answers(3)

Answer

Prem Sidharth

The causes of the French Revolution can be broadly classified as-
1. Political causes- Absolute monarchy based on the Divine Rights of the King was prevalent in France. The Monarch lived in splendor and cared little for the welfare of the subjects. The whole administration was corrupt and high posts were often auctioned.
2. Social Causes- The French society was ridden with several inequalities. The society was divided into 3 estates. While the first 2 estates enjoyed all the privileges, the third estate lived a life of misery. The entire burden of taxation also fell almost entirely on them.
3. Economic Causes- France had been continuously involved in wars which almost ruined her economy. Louis XVI had inherited an empty treasury. He still wasted money in liberating the 13 colonies of America from the common enemy Britain. Only a fraction of the taxes could be realized as those who had to pay were too poor to pay taxes while those who could pay like the nobles, clergy etc. were exempted from it.
4. Intellectual Causes- Political thinkers like Rousseau, Voltaire, Montesquieu, Locke etc. exposed the ills of the French government and the administration which made the people aware of their rights and the duties of the government. It also propounded theories for an ideal form of government. All these caused hatred against the crown nobles and the clergy.
5. Immediate Cause- Forced by financial bankruptcy, Emperor Louis XVI was compelled to call a meeting of the Estates General in 1789 after a lapse of175 years. It was necessary to impose / increase taxes. The third estate demanded one vote for every delegate. But when the first two estates refused it the members of the third estate walked out in protest.

Syeda

Answer.

The clergy and the nobility led a luxurious life and enjoyed many privileges by birth. While the peasants and the labourers lived very hard life.They had to pay heavy taxes.
Louis XVI spent lots of money on luxurious living and wasteful festivities. The high posts were generally auctioned which caused inefficiency in the administration. 

Aruna kumari Sripada

The clergy and the nobility led a luxurious life and enjoyed many privileges by birth. While the peasants and the labourers lived very hard life.They had to pay heavy taxes.

Louis XVI spent lots of money on luxurious living and wasteful festivities. The high posts were generally auctioned which caused inefficiency in the administration. 

Long years of war had drained the financial resources of France. To meet the expenses,the state was forced to increase taxes that also irked the people of France.

Louis XVI called together an assembly os Estates General to pass proposals for new taxes.This proved to be immediate cause of the French revolution.

Like NextGurukul? Also explore our advanced self-learning solution LearnNext
Offered for classes 6-12, LearnNext is a popular self-learning solution for students who strive for excellence
Explore
Animated Video
lessons
All India
Test Series
Interactive Video
Experiments
Best-in class
books

Join India's most happening

Educational community