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Asked by Swetha

May 27, 2014

Direct interrogative sentence to indirect interrogative sentence

What are the rules to change a direct interrogative sentence to indirect interrogative ?

Answers(1)

Answer

Ravi Mariappan

Member since May 15, 2014

For changing interrogative (question) sentence into indirect speech we have to observe the nature of question and then change it into indirect speech according to it rules for indirect speech. A question can be of two types. One type which can be answered in only YES or NO and other type which needs a little bit explanation for its answer and cannot be answered in only YES or NO.

Examples
          Do you like  ice creams? (It can be answered in YES or NO)
          How are you? (It cannot be answered in YES or NO but it needs a little bit                                    explanation i.e, I am fine.)
 Questions which can be answered in YES/NO.
To change questions (which can be answered in yes or no) into indirect speech, word “if” or “whether” is used before the question in indirect speech. Rules for change in tense of question sentences are same as for change in normal tenses in indirect speech but sentence will not start with the auxiliary verb of the tense. The word “that” is not used between reporting verb and reported speech as conjunction in indirect speech for question sentence. Question mark is not used in indirect speech.

Examples
..
          Direct speech: I said to him, “Are you feeling well?”
          Indirect Speech: I asked him if he was feeling well.
          Direct speech: They said to me, “did you go to cinema?”
          Indirect Speech: They asked me whether I had gone to cinema.
          
 Question which cannot be answered in YES/NO.

To change such questions into indirect speech, the words “if” or “whether” is not used. The tense of the question is changed according to the rules for change in normal tenses in indirect speech but sentence will not start with the auxiliary verb of the tense. The word “that” is not used between reporting verb and reported speech as conjunction, in indirect speech for question sentence. Question mark is not used in indirect speech.
Examples.

             .
             Direct speech: She said to him, “Why did you come late?”
             Indirect speech: She asked him why he had come late.
             Direct speech: He said, “When will they come?”
             Indirect speech: He asked when they would come. 
 
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