Democracy is the predominant form of government in the contemporary world but it has also faced many challenges. There are three types of challenges faced by democratic countries i.e. foundational challenge, challenge of expansion and deepening of democracy.
Foundational Challenge is meant for the non-democratic countries of the world.
The challenge of expansion is faced by most established democracies like India and the United States of America.
Deepening of democracy involves strengthening of practices and institutions of democracy through the control and participation of the people.
Every challenge of democracy is linked with the possibility of reforms. Broad guidelines like legal and political practice and legislative measures can be kept in mind while devising ways for political reforms.
The right to Information Act is a successful example of a law that has enabled people to carry out democratic reforms. Democratic reforms can be carried out by political parties, pressure groups and above all the people.