Religious differences are expressed in politics. Mahatma Gandhi believed that politics must be guided by religious ethics.
Human rights activists believe that the government should take special steps to protect minority groups. Women want the government should take special steps to make women’s laws more equitable. Communalism is based on the idea that religion is the principal basis for social community.
Communalism revolves around the belief that people following the same religion must belong to the same community. Political parties are known to take advantage of communal feelings. Politicians try to appeal to the voters by using sacred symbols and religious leaders, and by making emotionally charged statements.
Communalism at times takes very ugly form of violence, riots and massacre. The Rapid Action Force (RAF) is a specialized wing of the Indian CRPF (Central Reserve Police Force), which was established to deal with riots and related unrest due to communal violence.
The Indian Constitution gives the freedom to profess and practise any religion to all individuals. Individuals and communities may choose not to follow any particular religion. The Indian Constitution allows for State intervention in religious matters only to ensure equality in all communities. The Indian Constitution prohibits discrimination based on religion.