India is a Federal democracy with two kinds of political parties i.e. Regional and National Parties.
Regardless of their status all parties have to register with the Election Commission. Once the commission recognises these parties they are known as ‘recognized political parties’.
A party that secures at least 6% of the total votes in Lok Sabha elections or wins four seats in the Lok Sabha is recognized as a national party.
As per the classification of Election Commission in 2006, there are six national parties in India.
- The Indian National Congress,
- Bharatiya Janata Party,
- Bahujan Samaj Party,
- Communist Party of India
- Nationalist Congress Party
The recently added 7th
party is the Rashtriya Janata Dal or RJD.
The AIADMK or All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam, Shiromani Akali Dal, TDP or Telugu Desam Party and Shiv Sena are some of the popular regional parties.