Notes On Classes of Determiners - Demonstratives and Possessives - CBSE Class 10 English Grammar

1.DEMONSTRATIVES:

There are four demonstrative determiners namely this, that, these and those

Note that demonstrative determiners can also be used as demonstrative pronouns. When they are used as determiners they are followed by the nouns they modify. Compare:

This is my car. (Demonstrative used as a pronoun, subject of the verb is)

This car is mine. (Demonstrative used as a determiner modifying the noun camera.)

2.POSSESSIVES:
Possessive adjectives - my, your, his, her, its, our, your, their - modify the noun following it in order to show possession.

Possessive determiners are different from possessive pronouns - mine, his, hers, yours, ours, their.

Possessive pronouns can stand alone and are not followed by nouns.Possessive determiners, on the other hand, are followed by nouns.

Compare:

This is my computer. (my is a possessive determiner. It is followed by the noun house which it modifies)

Is that computer yours? (yours is a possessive pronoun. It is not followed by a noun.)

Summary

1.DEMONSTRATIVES:

There are four demonstrative determiners namely this, that, these and those

Note that demonstrative determiners can also be used as demonstrative pronouns. When they are used as determiners they are followed by the nouns they modify. Compare:

This is my car. (Demonstrative used as a pronoun, subject of the verb is)

This car is mine. (Demonstrative used as a determiner modifying the noun camera.)

2.POSSESSIVES:
Possessive adjectives - my, your, his, her, its, our, your, their - modify the noun following it in order to show possession.

Possessive determiners are different from possessive pronouns - mine, his, hers, yours, ours, their.

Possessive pronouns can stand alone and are not followed by nouns.Possessive determiners, on the other hand, are followed by nouns.

Compare:

This is my computer. (my is a possessive determiner. It is followed by the noun house which it modifies)

Is that computer yours? (yours is a possessive pronoun. It is not followed by a noun.)

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