Notes On Determiners - Introduction - CBSE Class 10 English Grammar

Determiners are words which come at the beginning of the noun phrase. They tell us whether the noun phrase is specific or general.

There are two types of determiners:

1. Specific determiners: We use a specific determiner when we believe the listener/reader knows exactly what we are referring to:

The types of specific determiners are:

  • the definite article: the (Can you pass me the book please?)
  • possessives: my, your, his, her, its; our, their, whose ( Can you lend me your pen.)
  • demonstratives: this, that, these, those (How much those pictures cost?)
  • interrogatives: which ( which pen do you like.)


2.General determiners:

The general determiners are:

a; an; any; another; other; what

When we are talking about things in general and the listener/reader does not know exactly what we are referring to, we can use a uncount noun or a plural noun with no determiner. We use the general determiner any with a singular noun or an uncount noun when we are talking about all of those people or things:We use the general determiner another to talk about an additional person or thing:

Examples:

Would you like another glass of wine?

It’s very easy. Any child can do it. (= All children can do it)


3.Quantifiers

We use quantifiers when we want to give someone information about the number of something: how much or how many.

Example:
How much sugar should be added?

How many birds can you see on the train.

Summary

Determiners are words which come at the beginning of the noun phrase. They tell us whether the noun phrase is specific or general.

There are two types of determiners:

1. Specific determiners: We use a specific determiner when we believe the listener/reader knows exactly what we are referring to:

The types of specific determiners are:

  • the definite article: the (Can you pass me the book please?)
  • possessives: my, your, his, her, its; our, their, whose ( Can you lend me your pen.)
  • demonstratives: this, that, these, those (How much those pictures cost?)
  • interrogatives: which ( which pen do you like.)


2.General determiners:

The general determiners are:

a; an; any; another; other; what

When we are talking about things in general and the listener/reader does not know exactly what we are referring to, we can use a uncount noun or a plural noun with no determiner. We use the general determiner any with a singular noun or an uncount noun when we are talking about all of those people or things:We use the general determiner another to talk about an additional person or thing:

Examples:

Would you like another glass of wine?

It’s very easy. Any child can do it. (= All children can do it)


3.Quantifiers

We use quantifiers when we want to give someone information about the number of something: how much or how many.

Example:
How much sugar should be added?

How many birds can you see on the train.