Notes On More on Determiners - CBSE Class 10 English Grammar

A determiner is used to modify a noun. It indicates reference to something specific or something of a particular type. This function is usually performed by articles, demonstratives, possessive determiners, or quantifiers.

Types of determiners

1. Articles: The definite and indefinite articles are all determiners.

i) Definite article - the
ii) Indefinite article - a or an (a is used before a consonant sound; an is used before a vowel sound.)

Examples:
I like the adventurous stories.
I met a friend at the shopping mall.


2.Demonstratives

There are four demonstrative determiners in English and they are: this, that, these and those

Example:

This room is very spacious.
That building is the tallest building.
Distribute these biscuits among the children.
Where did those paper come from/


3. Possessives

Possessive adjectives - my, your, his, her, its, our, your, their - modify the noun following it in order to show possession.

Example:
Where is your car?
Keep my book in the cupboard.
Use her computer if you want.


4. Quantifiers

Quantifiers are followed by nouns which they modify. Examples of quantifiers include: some, any, few, little, more, much, many, each, every, both, all, enough, half, little, whole, less etc.

Quantifiers are commonly used before either countable or uncountable nouns.

Examples:
Nisha knows more people than her sister.
Little knowledge is a dangerous thing
Each student will be awarded.
Both brothers and sisters are hard working.


Summary

A determiner is used to modify a noun. It indicates reference to something specific or something of a particular type. This function is usually performed by articles, demonstratives, possessive determiners, or quantifiers.

Types of determiners

1. Articles: The definite and indefinite articles are all determiners.

i) Definite article - the
ii) Indefinite article - a or an (a is used before a consonant sound; an is used before a vowel sound.)

Examples:
I like the adventurous stories.
I met a friend at the shopping mall.


2.Demonstratives

There are four demonstrative determiners in English and they are: this, that, these and those

Example:

This room is very spacious.
That building is the tallest building.
Distribute these biscuits among the children.
Where did those paper come from/


3. Possessives

Possessive adjectives - my, your, his, her, its, our, your, their - modify the noun following it in order to show possession.

Example:
Where is your car?
Keep my book in the cupboard.
Use her computer if you want.


4. Quantifiers

Quantifiers are followed by nouns which they modify. Examples of quantifiers include: some, any, few, little, more, much, many, each, every, both, all, enough, half, little, whole, less etc.

Quantifiers are commonly used before either countable or uncountable nouns.

Examples:
Nisha knows more people than her sister.
Little knowledge is a dangerous thing
Each student will be awarded.
Both brothers and sisters are hard working.


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