Notes On Degrees of Comparison - CBSE Class 10 English Grammar

COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES

When we want to compare two or more nouns using adjectives, we use the comparative and superlative forms of the adjective to show the comparison between the nouns. E.g. -

  • Anusha is tall.
  • Reeta is taller than Anusha.
  • Ruchita is the tallest.

In this sentence, we are comparing the three nouns using the positive, comparative and superlative forms of the word ‘tall.

Positive Form -

These are the simple adjectives that simply describe the noun without comparing it to another - big, sweet, clean, etc.

She has a big car.

He is a tall  boy.

The hall is clean.

Comparative Form -

These are used when we are comparing two nouns and need to show which noun possesses the adjective or character in a greater or lesser amount, when compared with the other. - bigger, sweeter, cleaner, etc.

I have a big car but hers is bigger.

He is taller  than the other boys.

The hall is cleaner than other rooms.

Superlative Form -

This form is used when three or more nouns are being compared and we need to show that one or more of the nouns posses the adjective or characteristic to the highest amount possible. We usually add ‘the’ before the superlative form. - biggest, sweetest, cleanest, etc.

She has the  biggest car in the colony.

He is the tallest boy in his class.

The cupboard is the cleanest thing in the house.

Summary

COMPARISON OF ADJECTIVES

When we want to compare two or more nouns using adjectives, we use the comparative and superlative forms of the adjective to show the comparison between the nouns. E.g. -

  • Anusha is tall.
  • Reeta is taller than Anusha.
  • Ruchita is the tallest.

In this sentence, we are comparing the three nouns using the positive, comparative and superlative forms of the word ‘tall.

Positive Form -

These are the simple adjectives that simply describe the noun without comparing it to another - big, sweet, clean, etc.

She has a big car.

He is a tall  boy.

The hall is clean.

Comparative Form -

These are used when we are comparing two nouns and need to show which noun possesses the adjective or character in a greater or lesser amount, when compared with the other. - bigger, sweeter, cleaner, etc.

I have a big car but hers is bigger.

He is taller  than the other boys.

The hall is cleaner than other rooms.

Superlative Form -

This form is used when three or more nouns are being compared and we need to show that one or more of the nouns posses the adjective or characteristic to the highest amount possible. We usually add ‘the’ before the superlative form. - biggest, sweetest, cleanest, etc.

She has the  biggest car in the colony.

He is the tallest boy in his class.

The cupboard is the cleanest thing in the house.