Notes On Adverb Clauses - CBSE Class 10 English Grammar

  “A dependent clause that functions as an adverb in a sentence is called adverb clause”. An adverb clause like an adverb modifies a verb, adjective clause or other adverb clause in a sentence. It modifies(describes) the situation in main clause in terms of “time, frequency (how often), cause and effect, contrast, condition, intensity (to what extent).”

The subordinating conjunctions used for adverb clauses are as follows.

1.Time: when, whenever, since, until, before, after, while, as, by the time, as soon as

2. Cause and effect: because, since, now that, as long as, so, so that,

3. Contrast: although, even, whereas, while, though

4. Condition: if, unless, only if, whether or not, even if, providing or provided that, in case

Examples.

  • Don’t leave before he goes.
  • William did not go to school because he was unwell..
  • Although he tried a lot, he couldn’t climb up the tree.
  • Unless you work hard, you cannot pass the exam.
  • They will go to the office unless it rains.       

Summary

  “A dependent clause that functions as an adverb in a sentence is called adverb clause”. An adverb clause like an adverb modifies a verb, adjective clause or other adverb clause in a sentence. It modifies(describes) the situation in main clause in terms of “time, frequency (how often), cause and effect, contrast, condition, intensity (to what extent).”

The subordinating conjunctions used for adverb clauses are as follows.

1.Time: when, whenever, since, until, before, after, while, as, by the time, as soon as

2. Cause and effect: because, since, now that, as long as, so, so that,

3. Contrast: although, even, whereas, while, though

4. Condition: if, unless, only if, whether or not, even if, providing or provided that, in case

Examples.

  • Don’t leave before he goes.
  • William did not go to school because he was unwell..
  • Although he tried a lot, he couldn’t climb up the tree.
  • Unless you work hard, you cannot pass the exam.
  • They will go to the office unless it rains.       

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