A clause is a group of related words containing a subject and a predicate”
For example, He smiled.
A clause refers to a group of related words (within a sentence or itself as an independent sentence) which has both subject and predicate.
They will meet him in the market .
The part of above sentence “They will meet him” is a clause because it has a subject(They) and a predicate(will meet him). On the other hand, the rest part of above sentence “in the market” lacks both subject and predicate(verb) such group of word is called phrase.
A clause may stand as a simple sentence or may join another clause to make a sentence. Therefore, a sentence consists of one, two or more clauses.
• She is dancing. (one clause)
• The principalr asked a question, but no one answered. (two clauses)
• I like Physics, but my sister likes Mathematics,
because she wants to become an engineer. (three clauses)
Clauses are divided into main clause (also called independent clause) andsubordinate clause (also called dependent clauses).
TYPES OF DEPENDENT CLAUSE:
1. Adjective relative clauses.
2. Adverb clauses.
3. Noun clauses