Notes On Exclamatory Sentences - Reported Speech - CBSE Class 10 English Grammar


Rules :

To change an exclamatory sentence into indirect speech:

  • Change the exclamatory sentence into satement or Assertive
  • Remove the quotation marks and exclamatory mark.
  • Use the conjunction ‘that’
  • Omit the interjections such as Oh, O, Alas, how, what, hurrah.
  • Add the word ‘very’ to the adjective or adverb if necessary.
  • If the verb is not given, use ‘Be’ form verb (is, was, are, were, am) in its correct tense according to the subject.
  • Change the reporting verb (say, said) to ‘exclaim joyfully’
  • Use ‘exclaim’ sorrowfully for sorrowful incidents.

EXAMPLES:

1. “O, what a beautiful flower thist is!” said she. (D.S.)
     She exclaimed joyfully that that was a very beautiful flower. (I.S.)

2. “What a horrible sight!” we all exclaimed. (D.S.)
     We all exclaimed that it was a very horrible sight. (I.S.)

3. “Alas! She is dead” said he.
     He exclaimed sorrowfully that he was dead. (I.S.)

4. “How beautiful my friend looks!” said Saritha. (D.S.)
    Saritha exclaimed joyfully that her friend loked very beautiful. (I.S.) 

Summary


Rules :

To change an exclamatory sentence into indirect speech:

  • Change the exclamatory sentence into satement or Assertive
  • Remove the quotation marks and exclamatory mark.
  • Use the conjunction ‘that’
  • Omit the interjections such as Oh, O, Alas, how, what, hurrah.
  • Add the word ‘very’ to the adjective or adverb if necessary.
  • If the verb is not given, use ‘Be’ form verb (is, was, are, were, am) in its correct tense according to the subject.
  • Change the reporting verb (say, said) to ‘exclaim joyfully’
  • Use ‘exclaim’ sorrowfully for sorrowful incidents.

EXAMPLES:

1. “O, what a beautiful flower thist is!” said she. (D.S.)
     She exclaimed joyfully that that was a very beautiful flower. (I.S.)

2. “What a horrible sight!” we all exclaimed. (D.S.)
     We all exclaimed that it was a very horrible sight. (I.S.)

3. “Alas! She is dead” said he.
     He exclaimed sorrowfully that he was dead. (I.S.)

4. “How beautiful my friend looks!” said Saritha. (D.S.)
    Saritha exclaimed joyfully that her friend loked very beautiful. (I.S.) 

Previous
Next