Notes On Introduction and Syntactic Arrangement of Sense Groups - CBSE Class 10 English Grammar

A sentence is a group of words that expresses a complete idea.
Example: "Meera helps Malini." ( A complete idea)

A sentence can express:
1. A statement.
   Example: She is intelligent.

2. A question.
   Example: Is she intelligent.

3. An order/advice/suggestions
    Example: Be intelligent.

4. A wish/strong desire
    Example: I wish I were intelligent!

A sentence must minimally have a subject and a verb. Sometimes the subject can be omitted if it is understood.
The subject is the person or thing about which something is being stated.

Example: "Tanya is a clever girl."

The predicate is the part of a sentence that tells something about thesubject. The predicate always includes a verb
("Predicate" is also a verb that means, "to state something.")

Example: " Karuna lifted the heavy box."

The object of the preposition is a noun or a pronoun that completes its meaning.

Example; "The cat is looking at the fish."

The basic rules for the way that words and phrases should be arranged in a sentence in order for it to make sense.

To reorder sense groups into a syntactically correct and complete sentence:

  • Always look for the subject first and then the predicate part which contains the verb,
  • Also look in gor the object(answer of what?whom), the helping verbs, adjectives etc. and try to place them meaningfully.
  • Each sentence is spilt into sense groups and then jumbled up.

Example;

1. the/he/into /plunged/water

     He plunged into the water.


 SYNTACTIC ARRANGEMENT OF THE ABOVE SENTENCE:
He: Subject

Predicate: Plunged into the water.
Verb: Plunged
Preposition: into
Article: the
Water: object

Summary

A sentence is a group of words that expresses a complete idea.
Example: "Meera helps Malini." ( A complete idea)

A sentence can express:
1. A statement.
   Example: She is intelligent.

2. A question.
   Example: Is she intelligent.

3. An order/advice/suggestions
    Example: Be intelligent.

4. A wish/strong desire
    Example: I wish I were intelligent!

A sentence must minimally have a subject and a verb. Sometimes the subject can be omitted if it is understood.
The subject is the person or thing about which something is being stated.

Example: "Tanya is a clever girl."

The predicate is the part of a sentence that tells something about thesubject. The predicate always includes a verb
("Predicate" is also a verb that means, "to state something.")

Example: " Karuna lifted the heavy box."

The object of the preposition is a noun or a pronoun that completes its meaning.

Example; "The cat is looking at the fish."

The basic rules for the way that words and phrases should be arranged in a sentence in order for it to make sense.

To reorder sense groups into a syntactically correct and complete sentence:

  • Always look for the subject first and then the predicate part which contains the verb,
  • Also look in gor the object(answer of what?whom), the helping verbs, adjectives etc. and try to place them meaningfully.
  • Each sentence is spilt into sense groups and then jumbled up.

Example;

1. the/he/into /plunged/water

     He plunged into the water.


 SYNTACTIC ARRANGEMENT OF THE ABOVE SENTENCE:
He: Subject

Predicate: Plunged into the water.
Verb: Plunged
Preposition: into
Article: the
Water: object

Next