Notes On Introduction and Syntactic Arrangement of Sense Groups - CBSE Class 10 English Grammar
 A sentence is a group of words that expresses a complete idea. Example: "Meera helps Malini." ( A complete idea) A sentence can express: 1. A statement.    Example: She is intelligent. 2. A question.    Example: Is she intelligent. 3. An order/advice/suggestions     Example: Be intelligent. 4. A wish/strong desire     Example: I wish I were intelligent! A sentence must minimally have a subject and a verb. Sometimes the subject can be omitted if it is understood. The subject is the person or thing about which something is being stated. Example: "Tanya is a clever girl." The predicate is the part of a sentence that tells something about thesubject. The predicate always includes a verb ("Predicate" is also a verb that means, "to state something.") Example: " Karuna lifted the heavy box." The object of the preposition is a noun or a pronoun that completes its meaning. Example; "The cat is looking at the fish." The basic rules for the way that words and phrases should be arranged in a sentence in order for it to make sense. To reorder sense groups into a syntactically correct and complete sentence: Always look for the subject first and then the predicate part which contains the verb, Also look in gor the object(answer of what?whom), the helping verbs, adjectives etc. and try to place them meaningfully. Each sentence is spilt into sense groups and then jumbled up. Example; 1. the/he/into /plunged/water      He plunged into the water.  SYNTACTIC ARRANGEMENT OF THE ABOVE SENTENCE: He: Subject Predicate: Plunged into the water. Verb: Plunged Preposition: into Article: the Water: object

#### Summary

 A sentence is a group of words that expresses a complete idea. Example: "Meera helps Malini." ( A complete idea) A sentence can express: 1. A statement.    Example: She is intelligent. 2. A question.    Example: Is she intelligent. 3. An order/advice/suggestions     Example: Be intelligent. 4. A wish/strong desire     Example: I wish I were intelligent! A sentence must minimally have a subject and a verb. Sometimes the subject can be omitted if it is understood. The subject is the person or thing about which something is being stated. Example: "Tanya is a clever girl." The predicate is the part of a sentence that tells something about thesubject. The predicate always includes a verb ("Predicate" is also a verb that means, "to state something.") Example: " Karuna lifted the heavy box." The object of the preposition is a noun or a pronoun that completes its meaning. Example; "The cat is looking at the fish." The basic rules for the way that words and phrases should be arranged in a sentence in order for it to make sense. To reorder sense groups into a syntactically correct and complete sentence: Always look for the subject first and then the predicate part which contains the verb, Also look in gor the object(answer of what?whom), the helping verbs, adjectives etc. and try to place them meaningfully. Each sentence is spilt into sense groups and then jumbled up. Example; 1. the/he/into /plunged/water      He plunged into the water.  SYNTACTIC ARRANGEMENT OF THE ABOVE SENTENCE: He: Subject Predicate: Plunged into the water. Verb: Plunged Preposition: into Article: the Water: object
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