Notes On Past Perfect and Past Perfect Continuous Tense - CBSE Class 10 English Grammar

The present perfect simple indicates that a completed action still has an influence on the present.

Harish loves cricket and plays very well. He has bought new trainers and now he plays even better than before. Sanjay is the team captain because he has never lost a match.

It looks like his team will win this match as well. Harish has just scored a century and the last over has not not been bowled yet. The other team has scored good runs.

Usage

  • An action that has just been completed.

    Example:
    Sudhakar has just scored a century.
  • Completed action with influence on the present.

    Example:
    He has bought new trainers and now he plays even better than before.
  • Action that has happened never, once, or several times up to the time of speaking

    Example:

    He has never lost a match.

    The last over has not not been bowled yet.

    The other team has scored good runs.

Construction

We need the auxiliary verb have and the past participle.

positive

negative

question

I/you/we/they

I have sung/eaten

I have not sung/eaten

Have I Sung/eaten?

he/she/it

he has sung/eaten

he has not sung/eaten

Has he sung/eaten?


Summary

The present perfect simple indicates that a completed action still has an influence on the present.

Harish loves cricket and plays very well. He has bought new trainers and now he plays even better than before. Sanjay is the team captain because he has never lost a match.

It looks like his team will win this match as well. Harish has just scored a century and the last over has not not been bowled yet. The other team has scored good runs.

Usage

  • An action that has just been completed.

    Example:
    Sudhakar has just scored a century.
  • Completed action with influence on the present.

    Example:
    He has bought new trainers and now he plays even better than before.
  • Action that has happened never, once, or several times up to the time of speaking

    Example:

    He has never lost a match.

    The last over has not not been bowled yet.

    The other team has scored good runs.

Construction

We need the auxiliary verb have and the past participle.

positive

negative

question

I/you/we/they

I have sung/eaten

I have not sung/eaten

Have I Sung/eaten?

he/she/it

he has sung/eaten

he has not sung/eaten

Has he sung/eaten?