Notes On Gandhi-Irwin Pact and Round Table Conference - CBSE Class 10 History
Under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi, the Civil Disobedience Movement spread across the country like wildfire. The British got worried by the growing popularity of the movement, and so arrested all prominent Congress leaders.
 
In April 1930, Abdul Gaffar Khan, a political and spiritual leader and follower of Gandhiji was arrested. Demonstrations and protests followed to oppose Gaffar Khan’s arrest which was suppressed by the British.
 
The British government dealt with the protestors with an iron hand. Around 10,000 Satyagrahis were arrested and small children and women were thrashed by the police.
 
Mahatma Gandhi decided to call off the Civil Disobedience movement in 1931. On 5th March 1931, Mahatma Gandhi entered into a pact with Lord Irwin the viceroy of India known as the Gandhi-Irwin Pact. He agreed to participate in the Round Table Conference to be held in London.
 
In December 1931, Mahatma Gandhi visited London but came back disheartened as the negotiations did not reach any final decision.
 
On his arrival in India, he found that several Congress leaders had been arrested the Congress was declared an illegal party. Mahatma Gandhi hence re-launched the Civil Disobedience Movement but it lost its momentum by 1934.

Summary

Under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi, the Civil Disobedience Movement spread across the country like wildfire. The British got worried by the growing popularity of the movement, and so arrested all prominent Congress leaders.
 
In April 1930, Abdul Gaffar Khan, a political and spiritual leader and follower of Gandhiji was arrested. Demonstrations and protests followed to oppose Gaffar Khan’s arrest which was suppressed by the British.
 
The British government dealt with the protestors with an iron hand. Around 10,000 Satyagrahis were arrested and small children and women were thrashed by the police.
 
Mahatma Gandhi decided to call off the Civil Disobedience movement in 1931. On 5th March 1931, Mahatma Gandhi entered into a pact with Lord Irwin the viceroy of India known as the Gandhi-Irwin Pact. He agreed to participate in the Round Table Conference to be held in London.
 
In December 1931, Mahatma Gandhi visited London but came back disheartened as the negotiations did not reach any final decision.
 
On his arrival in India, he found that several Congress leaders had been arrested the Congress was declared an illegal party. Mahatma Gandhi hence re-launched the Civil Disobedience Movement but it lost its momentum by 1934.

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