Print had a huge impact on its readers and hence the East India Company wanted to restrict the publications.
In the 1820s, the Calcutta Supreme Court passed certain regulations to control press freedom. After the revolt of 1857, the Englishmen demanded to clamp the local press and wanted to control the spread of nationalism.
The Vernacular Press Act which was passed in 1878 gave the government right to censor reports and editorials in the vernacular press.
In spite of these controls, the number of nationalist newspapers increased throughout the India. When Company attempted to suppress any nationalist expression, militant protests were launched. Print culture became one of the major driving forces behind the Indian freedom struggle.