Nationalism is a sense of identity with the nation. Many European nations experienced heightened periods of nationalism in the 19th century.
Nationalism in Europe can be traced back to the decline of feudalism and the beginning of the Renaissance. The renaissance in Europe fostered new political ideas.
The concepts of liberty, equality, Fraternity and nationalism dominated the social and political scene of Europe in the 19th century.
During the nineteenth century, nationalism emerged as a force which brought about sweeping changes in the political and mental world of Europe.
Utopian vision refers to a vision of a society that is so ideal that it is unlikely to actually exist.
Absolutism refers to a system of rule with a lot of uncontrolled power an oppressive monarchial government.
A plebiscite is a direct vote by which the people of a region are asked to accept or reject a proposal.
The end result of these changes was the emergence of the nation-state in place of the multi-national dynastic empires of Europe.