Notes On Management of Forest Resources - CBSE Class 10 Science

Natural resources are the materials provided by nature. They include forests, water, coal and petroleum reserves. Day-by-day we are exploiting our natural resources.

River Ganga features an example for the exploitation of natural resources.
       •  The river Ganga runs its course of over 2500 kilometres from Gangotri in the Himalayas to the Bay of Bengal, through Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and West Bengal.
       •  Pollution of the river Ganga is due to activities like bathing, washing clothes, immersion of the ashes of the dead, industrial effluents and release of untreated sewage.
       •  The coliform bacteria are usually found in the human intestine whose presence in the Ganga water indicates contamination by faeces and disease-causing micro-organisms.
       •  The Ganga Action Plan project was launched in 1985 to clean the Ganga and make its water free from pollution.

Forests are 'biodiversity hotspots' due to the sheer number as well as the variety of species of flora and fauna that live in them.
       •  Stake holders are people who live in and around forest, the forest department of the government, industrialists, forest and wildlife activists etc.
       •  We have to conserve forests which are of greater use to the environment.
       •  The Chipko Andolan ('Hug the Trees Movement') originated in the 1970's, in a village called Reni in Garhwal high up in the Himalayas. It was to save trees from being cut down.
       •  The conservation of forests by the Bishnoi community in Rajasthan became well known because of Amrita Devi Bishnoi, who sacrificed her life in 1731 for the protection of the Khejri trees in village Khejrali.
       •  The role of the government in forest conservation includes owning of forest land, controlling industries, framing rules to ensure that local people benefit and to control illegal activities.
       •  Biodiversity should be conserved. This happens by protecting flora and fauna of the place.
       •  The ways to conserve our resources are judicious use, long-term perspective, and equitable distribution.
       •  Pollution should be controlled.

The 3R's in conserving resources are Reduce, Recycle and Reuse.

Sustainable development is not only about the resources we use but also ensures that they are equally distributed. Stake holders together help in sustainable management.

Government should control the industries in using raw materials. It should ensure that local people should not be marginalised. Government should also control illegal activities. Industries should play an important role in the management of natural resources.

Summary

Natural resources are the materials provided by nature. They include forests, water, coal and petroleum reserves. Day-by-day we are exploiting our natural resources.

River Ganga features an example for the exploitation of natural resources.
       •  The river Ganga runs its course of over 2500 kilometres from Gangotri in the Himalayas to the Bay of Bengal, through Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and West Bengal.
       •  Pollution of the river Ganga is due to activities like bathing, washing clothes, immersion of the ashes of the dead, industrial effluents and release of untreated sewage.
       •  The coliform bacteria are usually found in the human intestine whose presence in the Ganga water indicates contamination by faeces and disease-causing micro-organisms.
       •  The Ganga Action Plan project was launched in 1985 to clean the Ganga and make its water free from pollution.

Forests are 'biodiversity hotspots' due to the sheer number as well as the variety of species of flora and fauna that live in them.
       •  Stake holders are people who live in and around forest, the forest department of the government, industrialists, forest and wildlife activists etc.
       •  We have to conserve forests which are of greater use to the environment.
       •  The Chipko Andolan ('Hug the Trees Movement') originated in the 1970's, in a village called Reni in Garhwal high up in the Himalayas. It was to save trees from being cut down.
       •  The conservation of forests by the Bishnoi community in Rajasthan became well known because of Amrita Devi Bishnoi, who sacrificed her life in 1731 for the protection of the Khejri trees in village Khejrali.
       •  The role of the government in forest conservation includes owning of forest land, controlling industries, framing rules to ensure that local people benefit and to control illegal activities.
       •  Biodiversity should be conserved. This happens by protecting flora and fauna of the place.
       •  The ways to conserve our resources are judicious use, long-term perspective, and equitable distribution.
       •  Pollution should be controlled.

The 3R's in conserving resources are Reduce, Recycle and Reuse.

Sustainable development is not only about the resources we use but also ensures that they are equally distributed. Stake holders together help in sustainable management.

Government should control the industries in using raw materials. It should ensure that local people should not be marginalised. Government should also control illegal activities. Industries should play an important role in the management of natural resources.

Videos

Activities

Activity 1
Bsu.edu has designed an interactive module Tree-Mendous Technology. Interactive scroll and click on buttons are placed at the bottom of the screen. The activity will help us explore through many details of the forest. Template is user-friendly just that user needs to follow the instructions appearing on the screen and jump into the stuff presented here.
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Activity 2
Nationalzoo.si.edu has deciphered a path for the user to walk into forest and know about forest maps. It also helps the user to know how changes in the forest can be harmful sometimes to species. Users will know how the 'Biodiversity grids' are used by scientists to know about the causes of declination of the number of organisms belonging to some species. User need to follow instructions appearing on the screen and click on the 'Continue' button to move into the information provided.
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References