Notes On Areas Under Simple Curves - CBSE Class 12 Maths
The area of the region bounded by the curve y = f (x) the ordinates x = a and x = b. Now we calculate the sum of all these rectangles, which are of negligible width, we get the required area. Area of the required region = Sum of the areas of the Infinitesimal rectangles Area of the required region = âˆ«ab dA dA = dx.y where dx = Width of the rectangle.                            y = Height of the rectangle. Given curve y = f(x) â‡’ Area of the required region = âˆ«ab y dx = âˆ«ab f(x)dx Area under the curve = âˆ«cd g(y)dy In this case, the limits of the integral are determined between the lines - y = c, and y = d. So, the area under the curve is given by integral of g(y) dy from c to d. The area of the region between the curve and the X-axis, we split the figure into two parts, Here, the value of the function is positive above the X-axis and negative below the X-axis. Toatal area under the curve  = A1 + |A2|

#### Summary

The area of the region bounded by the curve y = f (x) the ordinates x = a and x = b. Now we calculate the sum of all these rectangles, which are of negligible width, we get the required area. Area of the required region = Sum of the areas of the Infinitesimal rectangles Area of the required region = âˆ«ab dA dA = dx.y where dx = Width of the rectangle.                            y = Height of the rectangle. Given curve y = f(x) â‡’ Area of the required region = âˆ«ab y dx = âˆ«ab f(x)dx Area under the curve = âˆ«cd g(y)dy In this case, the limits of the integral are determined between the lines - y = c, and y = d. So, the area under the curve is given by integral of g(y) dy from c to d. The area of the region between the curve and the X-axis, we split the figure into two parts, Here, the value of the function is positive above the X-axis and negative below the X-axis. Toatal area under the curve  = A1 + |A2|

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