Notes On Variables Separable Method - CBSE Class 12 Maths
Method of solution to solve first order, first degree differential equations. Consider the differential equation dy/dx = F(x,y) If F(x, y) can be split into two functions, then the variable separable method is applied. Ex: Let dy/dx = (1+y2)/ ((1+x)xy) = 1/x(1+x) . (1+y2)/ y Here the first function is a function of x, and the other one is a function of y. The right hand side is expressed as functions of x and y, so that the variables separable method can be applied. â‡’ y/(1+y2) dy/dx = 1/x(1+x) â‡’ y/(1+y2) dy = 1/x(1+x) dx â‡’ y/(1+y2) dy = (1/x - 1/(1+x)) dx (Integrating both the sides ) â‡’ âˆ« y/(1+y2) dy = âˆ« (1/x - 1/(1+x)) dx â‡’ 1/2 âˆ« 2y/(1+y2) dy = âˆ« (1/x - 1/(1+x)) dx (Using formula âˆ« f'(x)/f(x) dx = log f(x) + C) â‡’ 1/2 log(1+y2) = log x - log(1+x) + log C â‡’ log(1+y2)1/2 = log x - log(1+x) + log C â‡’ log(1+y2)1/2 = log Cx/(1+x) â‡’ (1+y2)1/2 = Cx/(1+x) â‡’ (1+y2) = (Cx/(1+x))2 â‡’ (1+y2)(1+x)2 = Cx2 Which is the solution of the given differential equation.

#### Summary

Method of solution to solve first order, first degree differential equations. Consider the differential equation dy/dx = F(x,y) If F(x, y) can be split into two functions, then the variable separable method is applied. Ex: Let dy/dx = (1+y2)/ ((1+x)xy) = 1/x(1+x) . (1+y2)/ y Here the first function is a function of x, and the other one is a function of y. The right hand side is expressed as functions of x and y, so that the variables separable method can be applied. â‡’ y/(1+y2) dy/dx = 1/x(1+x) â‡’ y/(1+y2) dy = 1/x(1+x) dx â‡’ y/(1+y2) dy = (1/x - 1/(1+x)) dx (Integrating both the sides ) â‡’ âˆ« y/(1+y2) dy = âˆ« (1/x - 1/(1+x)) dx â‡’ 1/2 âˆ« 2y/(1+y2) dy = âˆ« (1/x - 1/(1+x)) dx (Using formula âˆ« f'(x)/f(x) dx = log f(x) + C) â‡’ 1/2 log(1+y2) = log x - log(1+x) + log C â‡’ log(1+y2)1/2 = log x - log(1+x) + log C â‡’ log(1+y2)1/2 = log Cx/(1+x) â‡’ (1+y2)1/2 = Cx/(1+x) â‡’ (1+y2) = (Cx/(1+x))2 â‡’ (1+y2)(1+x)2 = Cx2 Which is the solution of the given differential equation.

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