People in rural areas earn their living in various ways. About 60% of our country’s population is directly engaged in agriculture. The rural people in different regions of the country grow different crops. In India, we have agricultural labourers, small farmers and big farmers. The agricultural labourers don’t possess a farm of their own. They work under big farmers. They are busy during sowing and harvesting periods.
After the harvesting period, these labourers have to look for other jobs. The small farmers own small plots of land where they grow crops. These farmers get seeds, fertilisers and pesticides from the traders on loan. To repay their loan, these farmers are forced to sell their crops to a trader at a much lower price.
The big farmers own huge farms. They also run businesses. Many labourers and small farmers depend upon collection from the forest, animal husbandry, dairy produce, fishing and other tasks to earn additional income. Along the coastal areas, fishing is extensively carried out. During the monsoon seasons, the fishermen have to take up other jobs to make a living. People in rural areas are unable to find enough work to keep them employed throughout the year.