Tense change in Indirect Speech
Direct speech Reported speech

Simple present

Simple past
He said, "I eat cheese." He said he ate cheese.

Present progressive

Past progressive
He said, "I am eating cheese." He said he was eating cheese.

Present perfect

Past perfect
He said, "I have eaten cheese." He said he had eaten cheese.

Present perfect progressive

Past perfect progressive
He said, "I have been
eating
 cheese."
He said he had been
eating
 cheese.

Simple past

Past perfect
He said, "I ate cheese." He said he had eaten cheese.

Past progressive

Past perfect progressive
He said, "I was eating cheese." He said he had been eating cheese.

Past perfect

Past perfect 
(no change)
He said, "I had eaten cheese." He said he had eaten cheese.

Past perfect progressive

Past perfect progressive 
(no change)
He said, "I had been
eating
 cheese."
He said he had been
eating
 cheese.



 
 

Summary

Direct speech Reported speech

Simple present

Simple past
He said, "I eat cheese." He said he ate cheese.

Present progressive

Past progressive
He said, "I am eating cheese." He said he was eating cheese.

Present perfect

Past perfect
He said, "I have eaten cheese." He said he had eaten cheese.

Present perfect progressive

Past perfect progressive
He said, "I have been
eating
 cheese."
He said he had been
eating
 cheese.

Simple past

Past perfect
He said, "I ate cheese." He said he had eaten cheese.

Past progressive

Past perfect progressive
He said, "I was eating cheese." He said he had been eating cheese.

Past perfect

Past perfect 
(no change)
He said, "I had eaten cheese." He said he had eaten cheese.

Past perfect progressive

Past perfect progressive 
(no change)
He said, "I had been
eating
 cheese."
He said he had been
eating
 cheese.



 
 
Previous
Next