Notes On Identification of Preparatory Subject - CBSE Class 6 English Grammar
There is or there are is a ‘preparatory’ subject, and the real subject follows after the verb, which is generally a form of ‘to be’
Eg. There is a hole in my pocket (more natural than ‘a hole is in my pocket’)
There isn’t a pen on the table (more natural than ‘a pen isn’t on the table’)
When the subject is a plural noun we use ‘there are’

There is and there are can be used with all forms of to be, and with modal verbs that precede to be
Eg. There were a lot of people in the restaurant
There have been several accidents on the road this year
There is going to be a meeting this afternoon
There might be delays to your journey

Summary

There is or there are is a ‘preparatory’ subject, and the real subject follows after the verb, which is generally a form of ‘to be’
Eg. There is a hole in my pocket (more natural than ‘a hole is in my pocket’)
There isn’t a pen on the table (more natural than ‘a pen isn’t on the table’)
When the subject is a plural noun we use ‘there are’

There is and there are can be used with all forms of to be, and with modal verbs that precede to be
Eg. There were a lot of people in the restaurant
There have been several accidents on the road this year
There is going to be a meeting this afternoon
There might be delays to your journey
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