Notes On Past Perfect Tense - usage - CBSE Class 6 English Grammar
The Past Perfect Tense
The past perfect tense is most often used for the following:
- For actions that happened before a past event
- In reported speech
- In if (conditional) sentences

How to form the past perfect 
  • For actions that happened before a past event
When we want to talk about an action that happened before a past event, we often use the past perfect. Look at these examples:
When I got home yesterday, my father had already cooked dinner.
I didn't want to go to the movies with my friends because I had seen the film already.
Notice how often words like alreadyjustnever etc. are used with the past perfect.
  • In reported speech
 when we report people's words or thoughts .., as in the following examples:
John said that he had never eaten sushi before.
She told me that she had finished, but I knew she had not.
She wondered why he had been so unkind to her..
  • In if (conditional) sentences
The past perfect tense is used in unreal or hypothetical stituations, as in the following sentences:
If I had known you were in Frankfurt, I would have called you. (but I didn't know you were here so I didn't call you!)
If I had had enough money, I would have bought you a better present. (but I didn't have enough money.)
 
 
 

Summary

The Past Perfect Tense
The past perfect tense is most often used for the following:
- For actions that happened before a past event
- In reported speech
- In if (conditional) sentences

How to form the past perfect 
  • For actions that happened before a past event
When we want to talk about an action that happened before a past event, we often use the past perfect. Look at these examples:
When I got home yesterday, my father had already cooked dinner.
I didn't want to go to the movies with my friends because I had seen the film already.
Notice how often words like alreadyjustnever etc. are used with the past perfect.
  • In reported speech
 when we report people's words or thoughts .., as in the following examples:
John said that he had never eaten sushi before.
She told me that she had finished, but I knew she had not.
She wondered why he had been so unkind to her..
  • In if (conditional) sentences
The past perfect tense is used in unreal or hypothetical stituations, as in the following sentences:
If I had known you were in Frankfurt, I would have called you. (but I didn't know you were here so I didn't call you!)
If I had had enough money, I would have bought you a better present. (but I didn't have enough money.)
 
 
 
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