Demonstrative Pronouns
A demonstrative pronoun represents a thing or things:
  • near in distance or time (thisthese)
  • far in distance or time (thatthose)
  near far
singular this that
plural these those
Here are some examples with demonstrative pronouns, followed by an illustration:
  • This tastes good.
  • Have you seen this?
  • These are bad times.
  • Do you like these?
  • That is beautiful.
  • Look at that!
  • Those were the days!
  • Can you see those?
  • This is heavier than that.
  • These are bigger than those.
 
Do not confuse demonstrative pronouns with demonstrative adjectives. They are identical, but a demonstrative pronoun stands alone, while a demonstrative adjective qualifies a noun.
  • That smells. (demonstrative pronoun)
  • That book is good. (demonstrative adjective + noun)

Summary

A demonstrative pronoun represents a thing or things:
  • near in distance or time (thisthese)
  • far in distance or time (thatthose)
  near far
singular this that
plural these those
Here are some examples with demonstrative pronouns, followed by an illustration:
  • This tastes good.
  • Have you seen this?
  • These are bad times.
  • Do you like these?
  • That is beautiful.
  • Look at that!
  • Those were the days!
  • Can you see those?
  • This is heavier than that.
  • These are bigger than those.
 
Do not confuse demonstrative pronouns with demonstrative adjectives. They are identical, but a demonstrative pronoun stands alone, while a demonstrative adjective qualifies a noun.
  • That smells. (demonstrative pronoun)
  • That book is good. (demonstrative adjective + noun)
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