A relative pronoun is a pronoun that introduces a relative clause. It is called a "relative" pronoun because it "relates" to the word that its relative clause modifies. Here is an example:
- The person who phoned me last night is my teacher.
In the above example, "who":
- relates to "The person", which "who phoned me last night" modifies
- introduces the relative clause "who phoned me last night"
There are five relative pronouns: who
(subject) and whom
(object) are generally only for people. Whose
is for possession. Which
is for things. That
can be used for things and
people only indefining
relative clauses (clauses that are essential to the sentence and do not simply add extra information)**.
Relative pronouns can refer to singular or plural, and there is no difference between male and female.