Notes On Major Seasons of India - CBSE Class 6 Geography

 

 

Seasons in India

 

India is climatically very diverse. To understand seasons, we need to understand weather first.Weather is defined as  the daily temperature, precipitation, winds, and the amount of the sunshine that hits the earth surface among other aspects. The term season is used to describe general weather conditions of a specific region which takes an average period of three months.

 

 

 

 

The all of India experiences different seasons throughout the year. In the Northern frontier, we have the Himalayas which is always capped with ice. Then we have the  Thar Desert which mostly has a combination of  both rainy and summer seasons.The winter is mild in most parts of the country. Freezing temperatures are almost unheard of, except for parts of Punjab, Rajasthan and the Himalayan regions. This is the climatic phenomenon of India.The weather in the different parts of India vary with altitude, latitude and distance from the ocean.

 

 There are four main seasons according to the Indian Meteorological department.

 

 The cold weather season

 

  1.  This season begins in mid december and stays till mid february to early march based on latitude.

  2.   It is predominantly dry in most parts of the country.

  3.  The coastal regions have warm weather with highs at 30–33°C and lows at 19 -22°C.

  4.  The south interior of Karnataka is a little cooler with highs at 27–30°C and lows at 11–16°C. 

  5.  The hillier places are colder, temperature dropping below  10°C.

  6.  Some places in Punjab and lower regions of Kashmir do see even freezing temperatures occasionally. Himalayan regions are in freezing temperatures throughout the winter and moderate to heavy snowfall.

 


 

 The hot weather season

 

  1.  It begins in the month of March and stays till early to mid july.

  2.  Most of the Peninsular India sees the onset of summer in early or mid March with the Northern regions seeing hotter days in late March to early June.

  3. The  temperature varies  between 35°C -45°C and lows from 23–31°C. 

  4. The coastal regions are relatively less hot with closer temperature range but they are very humid.

  5. South India, Parts of East Coast receive moderate rainfall during this season, whereas the Northeastern states receive heavy rainfall. 

  6.  In late May and early June, most parts of North and Central India see soaring temperatures as a result of “heat waves”, before it is almost time for the monsoon.


 

 The onset of monsoon (South west monsoon)

 

                               The onset of monsoon in India

 

  1. By the end of May, the first monsoon shower hits the Andaman Nicobar Islands, followed by Kerala in early June. And gradually the Southwest Monsoon rains into the West Coast and moves inwards.

  2. Most parts of India receives annual rainfall from June to September.

  3. The temperatures drop but most of the country is less hot but more humid.

  4. This season is very important as agriculture depends on the annual rainfall.

  5. The wettest parts of India are West Coast and the windward side of Western Ghats  where it rains between 200 and 800 cm and Northeast India where it rains between 250–1200 cm.

 

  The retreat of monsoon(North east monsoon)

 

  1. Once the air pressure has fairly built up and the temperatures are cooler, the monsoon will retreat in the opposite direction. 

  2. This time they flow from the Himalayas, through the Bay of Bengal and rain heavily in most parts of South India. 

  3. Most of Tamilnadu and parts of Andhra Pradesh receive majority of their annual rainfall during this season.This happens mainly in October and November

  4. Sometimes the retreating monsoons can cause cyclonic depressions. These can bring very heavy rain causing floods and heavy winds creating a calamitous situation with damage to life and property.

 

Summary

 

 

Seasons in India

 

India is climatically very diverse. To understand seasons, we need to understand weather first.Weather is defined as  the daily temperature, precipitation, winds, and the amount of the sunshine that hits the earth surface among other aspects. The term season is used to describe general weather conditions of a specific region which takes an average period of three months.

 

 

 

 

The all of India experiences different seasons throughout the year. In the Northern frontier, we have the Himalayas which is always capped with ice. Then we have the  Thar Desert which mostly has a combination of  both rainy and summer seasons.The winter is mild in most parts of the country. Freezing temperatures are almost unheard of, except for parts of Punjab, Rajasthan and the Himalayan regions. This is the climatic phenomenon of India.The weather in the different parts of India vary with altitude, latitude and distance from the ocean.

 

 There are four main seasons according to the Indian Meteorological department.

 

 The cold weather season

 

  1.  This season begins in mid december and stays till mid february to early march based on latitude.

  2.   It is predominantly dry in most parts of the country.

  3.  The coastal regions have warm weather with highs at 30–33°C and lows at 19 -22°C.

  4.  The south interior of Karnataka is a little cooler with highs at 27–30°C and lows at 11–16°C. 

  5.  The hillier places are colder, temperature dropping below  10°C.

  6.  Some places in Punjab and lower regions of Kashmir do see even freezing temperatures occasionally. Himalayan regions are in freezing temperatures throughout the winter and moderate to heavy snowfall.

 


 

 The hot weather season

 

  1.  It begins in the month of March and stays till early to mid july.

  2.  Most of the Peninsular India sees the onset of summer in early or mid March with the Northern regions seeing hotter days in late March to early June.

  3. The  temperature varies  between 35°C -45°C and lows from 23–31°C. 

  4. The coastal regions are relatively less hot with closer temperature range but they are very humid.

  5. South India, Parts of East Coast receive moderate rainfall during this season, whereas the Northeastern states receive heavy rainfall. 

  6.  In late May and early June, most parts of North and Central India see soaring temperatures as a result of “heat waves”, before it is almost time for the monsoon.


 

 The onset of monsoon (South west monsoon)

 

                               The onset of monsoon in India

 

  1. By the end of May, the first monsoon shower hits the Andaman Nicobar Islands, followed by Kerala in early June. And gradually the Southwest Monsoon rains into the West Coast and moves inwards.

  2. Most parts of India receives annual rainfall from June to September.

  3. The temperatures drop but most of the country is less hot but more humid.

  4. This season is very important as agriculture depends on the annual rainfall.

  5. The wettest parts of India are West Coast and the windward side of Western Ghats  where it rains between 200 and 800 cm and Northeast India where it rains between 250–1200 cm.

 

  The retreat of monsoon(North east monsoon)

 

  1. Once the air pressure has fairly built up and the temperatures are cooler, the monsoon will retreat in the opposite direction. 

  2. This time they flow from the Himalayas, through the Bay of Bengal and rain heavily in most parts of South India. 

  3. Most of Tamilnadu and parts of Andhra Pradesh receive majority of their annual rainfall during this season.This happens mainly in October and November

  4. Sometimes the retreating monsoons can cause cyclonic depressions. These can bring very heavy rain causing floods and heavy winds creating a calamitous situation with damage to life and property.

 

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