The weather is the day-to-day change in the atmosphere of a place at a particular time. Change in weather includes change in temperature, sunshine, humidity and rainfall. Weather changes in cycles known as seasons.
Weather is the state of atmosphere over a shorter period of time, like a day and can change on a daily basis. Climate is the state of the atmosphere that prevails over a longer period of time, like over 30 to 35 years and does not change as frequently as the weather.
Throughout the year, climate changes in cycles; these cycles are known as seasons. In India, we experience four major seasons i.e. summer, rainy, autumn and winter. During March, April and May the sun shines very brightly and the temperature soars. The air becomes very hot stating the onset of the summer season.
In some parts of India, hot and dry cutting winds blow during the summer called Loo. Loo mostly blows over the northern and the western parts of India. In India, the season of rains is called the monsoon season. A good monsoon means adequate rains and a good crop. A good crop means a good economy for the country.
There are two types of monsoon seasons. The Southwest monsoon season that marks the onset of rain begins in June and lasts until September. The Retreating monsoon season occurs in September and October.
The month of June, marks the onset of the south-west monsoon. The moisture laden winds blow from the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal towards the mainland. The months of October and November mark the beginning of autumn during which the monsoon winds move back towards the sea.
The month of December marks the beginning of the winter season. In India, winters stretch from December to February. During this season, cool, dry winds blow from the north of India to the south of India.
India lies between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. It is located in the tropical or the torrid zone. The general climate of India is hot and wet all-round the year. India’s climate can be described as the Monsoon type.
There are various factors that affect the climate of a place are location, altitude, distance from the sea, and relief.