An archaeological site refers to a place where one finds material remains of the past. Such sites are found buried deep under mud, modern cities, sand and even water. Bhimbetka is one such example.
Ancient people preferred living in caves for protection from wind, rain, sun and wild animals. They also preferred staying at a place which has a water source and plenty of availability of both plants and animals and good quality stones.
Rock paintings as the name says are the paintings which are found on the walls of caves or rock shelters used by the ancient people. These paintings help in reflecting on the incidents of the lives of ancient people.
Archaeological sites are classified in three categories i.e. places where ancient people lived over a lengthy period of time and made tools are known as habitation-cum-factory sites, places used only for living purposes are called habitation sites while places where only tools were made are called factory sites.
People started living in huts made of leaves and twigs in the beginning of the Mesolithic Age. This increased the grassland covered area, thereby increasing the population of grass-eating animals. This is how these animals started being domesticated.