Notes On Passive Construction with Modals - CBSE Class 7 English Grammar
Passive voice for Present/Future Modals “CAN, MAY, MIGHT, SHOULD, MUST, OUGHT TO” ·The places of subject and object in sentence are inter-changed in passive voice.   3rd form of verb (past participle) will be used only (as main verb) in passive voice. ·To change sentences having present/future modal into passive voice, auxiliary verb “be” is added after modal in sentence.                    Passive voice for Present/Future Modals                       “CAN, MAY, MIGHT, SHOULD, MUST, OUGHT TO” Auxiliary verb in passive voice: be Active voice: CAN She can play a violin. She cannot play a violin. Can she play a violin? Passive voice: CAN BE A violin can be played by her. A violin cannot be played by her. Can a violin be played by her? Active voice: MAY I may buy the computer. I may not buy the computer. May I buy the computer? Active voice: MAY BE The computer may be bought by me. The computer may not be bought by me. May the computer be bought by me? Active voice: MIGHT  Guests might play chess. Guests might not play chess. Active voice: MIGHT BE Chess might be played by guests. Chess might not be played guests. Active voice: SHOULD Students should study all lessons. Students should not study all lessons. Should students study all lessons? Active voice: SHOULD BE All lessons should be studied by students. All lessons should not be studied by students. Should all lessons be studied by students? Active voice: MUST You must learn the test-taking strategies. You must not learn the test-taking strategies. Active voice: MUST BE Test-taking strategies must be learnt by you. Test-taking strategies must not be learned by you. Active voice: OUGHT TO They ought to take the examination. Active voice: OUGHT TO BE The examination ought to be taken by them.

#### Summary

Passive voice for Present/Future Modals “CAN, MAY, MIGHT, SHOULD, MUST, OUGHT TO” ·The places of subject and object in sentence are inter-changed in passive voice.   3rd form of verb (past participle) will be used only (as main verb) in passive voice. ·To change sentences having present/future modal into passive voice, auxiliary verb “be” is added after modal in sentence.                    Passive voice for Present/Future Modals                       “CAN, MAY, MIGHT, SHOULD, MUST, OUGHT TO” Auxiliary verb in passive voice: be Active voice: CAN She can play a violin. She cannot play a violin. Can she play a violin? Passive voice: CAN BE A violin can be played by her. A violin cannot be played by her. Can a violin be played by her? Active voice: MAY I may buy the computer. I may not buy the computer. May I buy the computer? Active voice: MAY BE The computer may be bought by me. The computer may not be bought by me. May the computer be bought by me? Active voice: MIGHT  Guests might play chess. Guests might not play chess. Active voice: MIGHT BE Chess might be played by guests. Chess might not be played guests. Active voice: SHOULD Students should study all lessons. Students should not study all lessons. Should students study all lessons? Active voice: SHOULD BE All lessons should be studied by students. All lessons should not be studied by students. Should all lessons be studied by students? Active voice: MUST You must learn the test-taking strategies. You must not learn the test-taking strategies. Active voice: MUST BE Test-taking strategies must be learnt by you. Test-taking strategies must not be learned by you. Active voice: OUGHT TO They ought to take the examination. Active voice: OUGHT TO BE The examination ought to be taken by them.
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