Notes On Degrees of Comparison - Adverbs - CBSE Class 7 English Grammar

Comparison of Adverbs

Adverbs, like adjectives, have three degrees of comparison – the positive, the comparative and the superlative.

The different degrees of comparison are formed in different ways:

Short adverbs having just one syllable form the comparative and the superlative by the addition of –er and –est to the positive.

Hard (positive), harder (comparative), hardest (superlative)
Soon, sooner, soonest
Fast, faster, fastest
Late, later, latest
Loud, louder, loudest
Clean, cleaner, cleanest
Clear, clearer, clearest
Low, lower, lowest
High, higher, highest

Note that almost all adverbs which are also used as adjectives belong to this class.

Adverbs ending in –ly

Adverbs which end in –ly take more for the comparative and most for the superlative.


Softly (positive), more softly (comparative), most softly (superlative)
Happily, more happily, most happily
Swiftly, more swiftly, most swiftly
Ably, more ably, most ably
Truly, more truly, most truly
Greedily, more greedily, most greedily
Efficiently, more efficiently, most efficiently
Certainly, more certainly, most certainly
Painfully, more painfully, most painfully
Joyfully, more joyfully, most joyfully

   

Exception

The adverb early is an exception to this rule.
Early (positive), earlier (comparative), earliest (superlative)
Some adverbs form their comparative and superlative degrees in an irregular manner:
Examples:

Far (positive), farther, further (comparative), farthest, furthest (superlative)

Late (positive), later (comparative), last, latest (superlative)

Well (positive), better (comparative), best (superlative)

Badly, worse, worst

Little, less, least

Much, more, most

Summary

Comparison of Adverbs

Adverbs, like adjectives, have three degrees of comparison – the positive, the comparative and the superlative.

The different degrees of comparison are formed in different ways:

Short adverbs having just one syllable form the comparative and the superlative by the addition of –er and –est to the positive.

Hard (positive), harder (comparative), hardest (superlative)
Soon, sooner, soonest
Fast, faster, fastest
Late, later, latest
Loud, louder, loudest
Clean, cleaner, cleanest
Clear, clearer, clearest
Low, lower, lowest
High, higher, highest

Note that almost all adverbs which are also used as adjectives belong to this class.

Adverbs ending in –ly

Adverbs which end in –ly take more for the comparative and most for the superlative.


Softly (positive), more softly (comparative), most softly (superlative)
Happily, more happily, most happily
Swiftly, more swiftly, most swiftly
Ably, more ably, most ably
Truly, more truly, most truly
Greedily, more greedily, most greedily
Efficiently, more efficiently, most efficiently
Certainly, more certainly, most certainly
Painfully, more painfully, most painfully
Joyfully, more joyfully, most joyfully

   

Exception

The adverb early is an exception to this rule.
Early (positive), earlier (comparative), earliest (superlative)
Some adverbs form their comparative and superlative degrees in an irregular manner:
Examples:

Far (positive), farther, further (comparative), farthest, furthest (superlative)

Late (positive), later (comparative), last, latest (superlative)

Well (positive), better (comparative), best (superlative)

Badly, worse, worst

Little, less, least

Much, more, most

Previous
Next