Notes On Present and Past participles - Usage - CBSE Class 7 English Grammar
PRESENT PARTICIPLE The present participle is often used when we want to express an active action.  In English we add -ing to the infinitive of the verb. Use of the present participle Progressive/ Continuous tense He is reading a book. He was reading a book. Gerund Reading books is fun. He likes reading books. Participle Look at the reading boy. He came reading around the corner. He sat reading in the corner. I saw him reading.       PAST PARTICIPLE The present participle is often used when we want to express a passive action. In English we add -ed to the infinitive of regular verbs. We use the 3rd column of the table of the irregular verbs. Use of the past participle Perfect tenses He has forgotten the pencil. He had forgotten the pencil. Passive voice A house is built. A house was built. Participle Look at the washed car. The car washed yesterday is blue. He had his car washed.

Summary

PRESENT PARTICIPLE The present participle is often used when we want to express an active action.  In English we add -ing to the infinitive of the verb. Use of the present participle Progressive/ Continuous tense He is reading a book. He was reading a book. Gerund Reading books is fun. He likes reading books. Participle Look at the reading boy. He came reading around the corner. He sat reading in the corner. I saw him reading.       PAST PARTICIPLE The present participle is often used when we want to express a passive action. In English we add -ed to the infinitive of regular verbs. We use the 3rd column of the table of the irregular verbs. Use of the past participle Perfect tenses He has forgotten the pencil. He had forgotten the pencil. Passive voice A house is built. A house was built. Participle Look at the washed car. The car washed yesterday is blue. He had his car washed.
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