Notes On Declarative Sentences - Reported Speech - CBSE Class 7 English Grammar
TENSE CHANGE - IN - INDIRECT SPEECH
     Present simple tense into Past simple
     Present Continuous tense into Past continuous
     Present Perfect tense into Pas perfect 
     Present Perfect Continuous into Past perfect continuous
     Past simple into Past Perfect
     Past Continuous into Past Perfect Continuous
     Past Perfect into Past Perfect
     Future simple, will into would 
     Future Continuous, will be into would be
     Future Perfect, will have into would have

EXAMPLE:
She said, “I am not laughing”
She said that she was not laughing.
 
She said, “He has finished his work”
She said that he had finished his work
 
He said, “I have been studying since 3 O’clock”
He said that he had been studying since 3 O’clock.


He said to me, “you answered correctly”
He said to me that I had answered correctly.
 
He said to me, “I was waiting for you”
He said to me that he had been waiting for me.

He said, “I will study the book”
He said that he would study the book.
 
I said to him, “I will be waiting for him”
I said to him that I would be waiting for him.
 
He said, “I will have finished the work”
He said that he would have finished the work.

Note: The tense of reported speech may not change if reported speech is a universal truth though its reporting verb belongs to past tense.



Summary

TENSE CHANGE - IN - INDIRECT SPEECH
     Present simple tense into Past simple
     Present Continuous tense into Past continuous
     Present Perfect tense into Pas perfect 
     Present Perfect Continuous into Past perfect continuous
     Past simple into Past Perfect
     Past Continuous into Past Perfect Continuous
     Past Perfect into Past Perfect
     Future simple, will into would 
     Future Continuous, will be into would be
     Future Perfect, will have into would have

EXAMPLE:
She said, “I am not laughing”
She said that she was not laughing.
 
She said, “He has finished his work”
She said that he had finished his work
 
He said, “I have been studying since 3 O’clock”
He said that he had been studying since 3 O’clock.


He said to me, “you answered correctly”
He said to me that I had answered correctly.
 
He said to me, “I was waiting for you”
He said to me that he had been waiting for me.

He said, “I will study the book”
He said that he would study the book.
 
I said to him, “I will be waiting for him”
I said to him that I would be waiting for him.
 
He said, “I will have finished the work”
He said that he would have finished the work.

Note: The tense of reported speech may not change if reported speech is a universal truth though its reporting verb belongs to past tense.



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