TENSE CHANGE - IN - INDIRECT SPEECH
Present simple tense into Past simple
Present Continuous tense into Past continuous
Present Perfect tense into Pas perfect
Present Perfect Continuous into Past perfect continuous
Past simple into Past Perfect
Past Continuous into Past Perfect Continuous
Past Perfect into Past Perfect
Future simple, will into would
Future Continuous, will be into would be
Future Perfect, will have into would have
She said, “I am not laughing”
She said that she was not laughing.
She said, “He has finished his work”
She said that he had finished his work
He said, “I have been studying since 3 O’clock”
He said that he had been studying since 3 O’clock.
He said to me, “you answered correctly”
He said to me that I had answered correctly.
He said to me, “I was waiting for you”
He said to me that he had been waiting for me.
He said, “I will study the book”
He said that he would study the book.
I said to him, “I will be waiting for him”
I said to him that I would be waiting for him.
He said, “I will have finished the work”
He said that he would have finished the work.
Note: The tense of reported speech may not change if reported speech is a universal truth though its reporting verb belongs to past tense.