Notes On Lets Recap - CBSE Class 7 English Grammar
ACTIVE VOICE AND PASSIVE VOICE
What is VOICE?
Voice is the form of a verb which shows whether the subject does something or has something done to it.  We have two voices in English
(a)                Active Voice
(b)               Passive Voice
(a)        Active Voice
A verb is in the active voice when its subject does something, or in simple words the active voice indicates that the subject is performing the action. e.g.
i)          He writes a letter.
ii)         We eat oranges.
iii)        They play hockey.
iv)        I buy furniture.
In these sentences the subjects (he, we, they, I) do something, so, the verbs used are said to be in the Active Voice.
(b)       Passive Voice
A verb is in the passive voice when something is done to its subject, or in simple words the passive voice indicates that the action of the verb is being performed upon the subject.
i)          A letter is written by him.
ii)         Oranges are eaten by them.
iii)        Hockey is played by them.
iv)        Furniture is bought by me.
In these sentences, the subjects (letter, oranges, hockey, furniture) are acted upon, they remain inactive or passive and their verbs are, therefore, said to be in the passive voice.

Summary

ACTIVE VOICE AND PASSIVE VOICE
What is VOICE?
Voice is the form of a verb which shows whether the subject does something or has something done to it.  We have two voices in English
(a)                Active Voice
(b)               Passive Voice
(a)        Active Voice
A verb is in the active voice when its subject does something, or in simple words the active voice indicates that the subject is performing the action. e.g.
i)          He writes a letter.
ii)         We eat oranges.
iii)        They play hockey.
iv)        I buy furniture.
In these sentences the subjects (he, we, they, I) do something, so, the verbs used are said to be in the Active Voice.
(b)       Passive Voice
A verb is in the passive voice when something is done to its subject, or in simple words the passive voice indicates that the action of the verb is being performed upon the subject.
i)          A letter is written by him.
ii)         Oranges are eaten by them.
iii)        Hockey is played by them.
iv)        Furniture is bought by me.
In these sentences, the subjects (letter, oranges, hockey, furniture) are acted upon, they remain inactive or passive and their verbs are, therefore, said to be in the passive voice.
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