Notes On Present Perfect Tense - CBSE Class 7 English Grammar
THE PRESENT PERFECT IS USED TO DESCRIBE
  • An action or situation that started in the past and continues in the present. I have lived in Bristol since 1984 (= and I still do.)
  • An action performed during a period that has not yet finished. She has beento the cinema twice this week (= and the week isn't over yet.)
  • A repeated action in an unspecified period between the past and now. We have visited Portugal several times.
  • An action that was completed in the very recent past, expressed by 'just'I have just finished my work.
  • An action when the time is not important. He has read 'War and Peace'. (= the result of his reading is important)

 EXAMPLES:
ACTIONS STARTED IN THE PAST AND CONTINUING IN THE PRESENT
They haven't lived here for years.
She has worked in the bank for five years.
 
WHEN THE TIME PERIOD REFERRED TO HAS NOT FINISHED
I have worked hard this week.
It has rained a lot this year.
We haven't seen her today.
 
ACTIONS REPEATED IN AN UNSPECIFIED PERIOD BETWEEN THE PAST AND NOW.
They have seen that film six times
We have eaten at that restaurant many times.
 
ACTIONS COMPLETED IN THE VERY RECENT PAST (+JUST)
Have you just finished work?
have just eaten.
 
WHEN THE PRECISE TIME OF THE ACTION IS NOT IMPORTANT OR NOT KNOWN
Someone has eaten my soup!
Have you seen 'Gone with the Wind'?
She's studied Japanese, Russian, and English.

Summary

THE PRESENT PERFECT IS USED TO DESCRIBE
  • An action or situation that started in the past and continues in the present. I have lived in Bristol since 1984 (= and I still do.)
  • An action performed during a period that has not yet finished. She has beento the cinema twice this week (= and the week isn't over yet.)
  • A repeated action in an unspecified period between the past and now. We have visited Portugal several times.
  • An action that was completed in the very recent past, expressed by 'just'I have just finished my work.
  • An action when the time is not important. He has read 'War and Peace'. (= the result of his reading is important)

 EXAMPLES:
ACTIONS STARTED IN THE PAST AND CONTINUING IN THE PRESENT
They haven't lived here for years.
She has worked in the bank for five years.
 
WHEN THE TIME PERIOD REFERRED TO HAS NOT FINISHED
I have worked hard this week.
It has rained a lot this year.
We haven't seen her today.
 
ACTIONS REPEATED IN AN UNSPECIFIED PERIOD BETWEEN THE PAST AND NOW.
They have seen that film six times
We have eaten at that restaurant many times.
 
ACTIONS COMPLETED IN THE VERY RECENT PAST (+JUST)
Have you just finished work?
have just eaten.
 
WHEN THE PRECISE TIME OF THE ACTION IS NOT IMPORTANT OR NOT KNOWN
Someone has eaten my soup!
Have you seen 'Gone with the Wind'?
She's studied Japanese, Russian, and English.
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