Notes On Complex Sentences - CBSE Class 7 English Grammar

A complex sentence is made up of an independent clause and one or more dependent clauses connected to it. A dependent clause is similar to an independent clause, or complete sentence, but it lacks one of the elements that would make it a complete sentence.

Examples of dependent clauses include the following:
Because Wilson arrived at the bus station before noon
.......while he waited at the airport.
.........after they left the station 

Dependent clauses such as those above cannot stand alone as a sentence, but they can be added to an independent clause to form a complex sentence.Dependent clauses begin with subordinating conjunctions.
The following are some of the most common subordinating conjunctions:

after
although
as
because
before
even though
if
since
though
unless
until
when
whenever
whereas
wherever
while

A complex sentence joins an independent clause with one or more dependent clauses.

The dependent clauses can go first in the sentence, followed by the independent clause, as in the following:

Tip: When the dependent clause comes first, a comma should be used to separate the two clauses.

1. Because Wilson arrived at the bus station before noon, I did not see them at the station.

2. While she waited at the train station, she realized that the train was late.

3. After they left the station, the train arrived.

Summary

A complex sentence is made up of an independent clause and one or more dependent clauses connected to it. A dependent clause is similar to an independent clause, or complete sentence, but it lacks one of the elements that would make it a complete sentence.

Examples of dependent clauses include the following:
Because Wilson arrived at the bus station before noon
.......while he waited at the airport.
.........after they left the station 

Dependent clauses such as those above cannot stand alone as a sentence, but they can be added to an independent clause to form a complex sentence.Dependent clauses begin with subordinating conjunctions.
The following are some of the most common subordinating conjunctions:

after
although
as
because
before
even though
if
since
though
unless
until
when
whenever
whereas
wherever
while

A complex sentence joins an independent clause with one or more dependent clauses.

The dependent clauses can go first in the sentence, followed by the independent clause, as in the following:

Tip: When the dependent clause comes first, a comma should be used to separate the two clauses.

1. Because Wilson arrived at the bus station before noon, I did not see them at the station.

2. While she waited at the train station, she realized that the train was late.

3. After they left the station, the train arrived.

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