First is Emperor Babur who established the Mughal rule in India, then comes his son Humayun, then the most influential and successful emperor of all, 13 year old Emperor Akbar, then his son Jahangir followed by the Shah Jahan, patron of fine arts and last Emperor Aurangzeb.
Three major military campaigns were fought by Emperor Babur. These include:
- 1526 defeat of Sultan Ibrahim Lodi at Panipat and establishment of Mughal empire in India.
- 1527 defeat of Mewar king Rana Sanga and his allies at Khanua
- 1528 defeat of Rajputs at Chanderi
In 1530, Humayun came to power but in 1540 lost his empire to Sher Shah Suri. In 1555, with the help of Safavid Shah, he recaptured Delhi. Akbar expanded the Mughal Empire during his reign from 1556-1605.
Mewar’s rulers surrendered during Jahangir’s, who ruled from 1605 to 1627. In 1605, Jehangir came to power. Shah Jahan came to power in 1627. However he lost Kandahar to the Persians in 1653. Shah Jahan reigned from 1627 to 1658. In 1658, Aurangzeb, the last of great Mughal kings came to power. Aurangzeb faced several rebellions during his reign from 1658 to 1707.