The 17th century saw extension of the Mughal Empire from Qandahar in the west to Bengal in the east and from Kashmir in the north to Mysore in the south. The efficient military and administration systems of the Mughals made their empire a great economic success. However, the unequal distribution of income and wealth made the mansabdasr rich and the artisans and peasants poor.
During Shah Jahan’s reign, among the mansabdars only 445 out of the 8,000 had the highest ranking, meaning 5.6% of mansabdars received 61.5% of the total revenue as salaries. However, the income of the other artisans and peasants was just enough for their daily expenditure.
After the demise of Aurangzeb in 1707, the Mughal Empire came under the rule of weak successors. Taking advantage of this weakness many individual kings established their own independent kingdoms. All these factors finally led to the decline of the Mughal Empire in 1857, when the British took over.