Notes On Change in Words -Time, Place and Position - Reported Speech - CBSE Class 8 English Grammar

Direct Speech

The exact words someone says, set within quotation marks.

e.g.“Will you run for President in the next election?” the reporter asked to him.

Indirect Speech

The reporting of what someone has said, not using his or her exact words.

e.g. The reporter asked him if he would run for President in the next election.

Time and Place References

“This is a great restaurant. I’m going to eat here again tomorrow,” said Joe.

You tell your friend about it two weeks later:

Joe said that was a great restaurant and that he was going to eat there the following day.


What changes have been made to the original quote?

Words expressing nearness in place and time are changed into words appearing farther in place and time.

Words expressing ‘nearness’ ——– words expressing “distance”

this                                                                                  that

these                                                                              those

now                                                                                then

today                                                                              that day

tomorrow                                                                      the next day

yesterday                                                                      the previous day

last night                                                                       the previous night or the night before

ago                                                                                 before

come                                                                             go

Summary

Direct Speech

The exact words someone says, set within quotation marks.

e.g.“Will you run for President in the next election?” the reporter asked to him.

Indirect Speech

The reporting of what someone has said, not using his or her exact words.

e.g. The reporter asked him if he would run for President in the next election.

Time and Place References

“This is a great restaurant. I’m going to eat here again tomorrow,” said Joe.

You tell your friend about it two weeks later:

Joe said that was a great restaurant and that he was going to eat there the following day.


What changes have been made to the original quote?

Words expressing nearness in place and time are changed into words appearing farther in place and time.

Words expressing ‘nearness’ ——– words expressing “distance”

this                                                                                  that

these                                                                              those

now                                                                                then

today                                                                              that day

tomorrow                                                                      the next day

yesterday                                                                      the previous day

last night                                                                       the previous night or the night before

ago                                                                                 before

come                                                                             go

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