Transforamtion of Sentences - Passive Voice
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Transforamtion of Sentences - Passive Voice
Active voice describes a sentence where the subject performs the action denoted by the verb. In passive voice sentences, the subject is acted upon by the verb. 

In active voice subject is the doer of action, whereas in the passive voice subject is the receiver of action.
Example:

Sangeeta sings a song.(Active Voice)
A song is Sung by Sangeeta.(Passive Voice)

Changing from Active to Passive
The following changes takes place changing from Active to Passive: 

  • The accusative object of the active sentence becomes the subject of the passive sentence.
  • The subject of the active sentence is removed, or added after a by at the end of the sentence.
  • We need the helping verb be in its conjugated form.
  • After be(verb form) comes the main verb in the past participle.

Tense

active

passive

Simple Present

Tina eats apples

Apples are eaten by Tina.

Present Progressive

Tina is eating apples.

Apples are being eaten by Tina.

Present Perfect

Tina has eaten apples.

Apples have been eaten by Tina.

Simple Past

Tina ate apples.

Apples were eaten by Tina.

Past Progressive

Tina was eating apples.

Apples were being eaten by Tina.

Past Perfect

Tina had eaten apples.

Apples had been eaten by Tina.

Future

Tina will eat apples.

Apples will be eaten by Tina.

Future Perfect

Tina will have eaten apples.

Apples will nave been eaten by Tina.

Conditional I

Tina would eat apples.

Apples would be eaten by Tina..

Conditional II

Tina would have eaten apples.

Apples would have been eaten by Tina.

SUMMARY

Active voice describes a sentence where the subject performs the action denoted by the verb. In passive voice sentences, the subject is acted upon by the verb. 

In active voice subject is the doer of action, whereas in the passive voice subject is the receiver of action.
Example:

Sangeeta sings a song.(Active Voice)
A song is Sung by Sangeeta.(Passive Voice)

Changing from Active to Passive
The following changes takes place changing from Active to Passive: 

  • The accusative object of the active sentence becomes the subject of the passive sentence.
  • The subject of the active sentence is removed, or added after a by at the end of the sentence.
  • We need the helping verb be in its conjugated form.
  • After be(verb form) comes the main verb in the past participle.

Tense

active

passive

Simple Present

Tina eats apples

Apples are eaten by Tina.

Present Progressive

Tina is eating apples.

Apples are being eaten by Tina.

Present Perfect

Tina has eaten apples.

Apples have been eaten by Tina.

Simple Past

Tina ate apples.

Apples were eaten by Tina.

Past Progressive

Tina was eating apples.

Apples were being eaten by Tina.

Past Perfect

Tina had eaten apples.

Apples had been eaten by Tina.

Future

Tina will eat apples.

Apples will be eaten by Tina.

Future Perfect

Tina will have eaten apples.

Apples will nave been eaten by Tina.

Conditional I

Tina would eat apples.

Apples would be eaten by Tina..

Conditional II

Tina would have eaten apples.

Apples would have been eaten by Tina.

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