Notes On Conservation of Natural Vegetation and Wildlife - CBSE Class 8 Geography
Forests provide a natural habitat for many species of animals. Change in climate and human activities has led to the loss of forest cover which is affecting the inhabiting animals. Several species of animals have become endangered or extinct due to the loss of their natural habitat and indiscriminate killing. Deforestation, soil erosion, construction activities, forest fires, tsunami and landslides are the major factors that impact forest cover natural or man-made. A forest fire is a threat to both plants and animals in a region and can be caused by: Lightning, Human carelessness or Arson. Ground patrolling, an efficient network of observation points, and a good communication network can monitor the occurrence of forest fires. Poaching refers to the killing of animals for collecting and trading their hides, skins, nails, teeth, horns and feathers. Animals like the tiger, lion, elephant, deer, black buck, crocodile, rhinoceros, snow leopard, ostrich and peacock are the most vulnerable to poaching. The best way to conserve the different species of animals and prevent poaching is by educating people about how important animals are to our ecosystem. Creation of national parks and biosphere reserves is another measure to protect our natural vegetation and wildlife. A national park is a natural area protected against human development and pollution having the aim of protecting and conserving specific ecosystems for the present and future generations. Biosphere reserves are protected areas created to maintain a balance relationship between conservation and development of flora and fauna. Natural habitats like creeks, wetlands and lakes also need to be conserved to protect the natural resources and ecosystems in those areas for which adequate measures need to be implemented by the governments of various countries. At the international level, there is an agreement called CITES which stands for the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna. This convention has been set up to make sure that wildlife and plant species do not become endangered or extinct because of their trade.

Summary

Forests provide a natural habitat for many species of animals. Change in climate and human activities has led to the loss of forest cover which is affecting the inhabiting animals. Several species of animals have become endangered or extinct due to the loss of their natural habitat and indiscriminate killing. Deforestation, soil erosion, construction activities, forest fires, tsunami and landslides are the major factors that impact forest cover natural or man-made. A forest fire is a threat to both plants and animals in a region and can be caused by: Lightning, Human carelessness or Arson. Ground patrolling, an efficient network of observation points, and a good communication network can monitor the occurrence of forest fires. Poaching refers to the killing of animals for collecting and trading their hides, skins, nails, teeth, horns and feathers. Animals like the tiger, lion, elephant, deer, black buck, crocodile, rhinoceros, snow leopard, ostrich and peacock are the most vulnerable to poaching. The best way to conserve the different species of animals and prevent poaching is by educating people about how important animals are to our ecosystem. Creation of national parks and biosphere reserves is another measure to protect our natural vegetation and wildlife. A national park is a natural area protected against human development and pollution having the aim of protecting and conserving specific ecosystems for the present and future generations. Biosphere reserves are protected areas created to maintain a balance relationship between conservation and development of flora and fauna. Natural habitats like creeks, wetlands and lakes also need to be conserved to protect the natural resources and ecosystems in those areas for which adequate measures need to be implemented by the governments of various countries. At the international level, there is an agreement called CITES which stands for the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna. This convention has been set up to make sure that wildlife and plant species do not become endangered or extinct because of their trade.

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