Notes On Natural Vegetation and Wildlife - CBSE Class 8 Geography
There are different kinds of plants and wildlife all around the world.In fact there will be so much difference in plantation and wildlife in different regions of the same country itself. India has quite a diverse natural vegetation and wildlife in it. Natural Vegetation It refers to plant vegetation that has grown on its own without any human aid. They have been left undisturbed by the humans for a long time. It is a community of living trees and organisms associated with it. It covers a considerable area. It is perfectly capable of utilising sunrays, air, water and earthly materials to attain maturity and reproduce itself.   Types of Vegetation in the World     Forests These forests are also called tropical Evergreen. It is a dense area with a lot of trees. The forest is usually classified by the trees that are found in them. There are different types of forests. The trees in the forest largely depend on the climatic conditions of the region. Some of the examples of the forest are Temperate forest, Mediterranean forest, etc.   Grasslands These regions are usually flat. Here the primary form of vegetation is grass and is extended till miles. There are different types of grasslands as well. Mainly Tropical grasslands and Temperate grasslands. The Savannas of Africa are the most famous grasslands. It is an important source for weeds and crops.   Dessert Desert is a dry region with arid climatic conditions. This is the reason for not having a lot of vegetation in this region. The soil mostly consists of sand and gravel. So the vegetation that grows here is adapted to this type of condition. The plants usually have long roots and stem to store water in it. One example of such vegetation is cactus.   Tundra This type of vegetation is found in the coldest part of the world like the arctic region. Vegetation in India                                         Tropical Evergreen Forest   Tropical Evergreen Forest: The tropical evergreen forests usually occur in areas receiving more than 200 cm of rainfall and having a temperature of 15 to 30 degrees Celsius. They are largely found in the Northeastern regions of Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Assam, Nagaland, the Western Ghats, the Terai areas of the Himalayas and the Andaman groups of Islands.  They are also found in the hills of Khasi and Jaintia.  Deciduous Forest: They are the most widespread forests of India. Also called the monsoon forests and spread over the region receiving rainfall between 200 cm and 70 cm. Trees of this forest ­type shed their leaves for about six to eight weeks in dry summer. On the basis of the availability of water, these forests are further divided into moist and dry deciduous.   Desert Vegetation:  These forests grow in areas where the precipitation is between 50 cm and 100 cm. It mostly consists of bushes, acacia, cacti and date trees. These are mainly seen in the areas of the Central Deccan plateau, Punjab, Haryana, parts of Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and South-east of Rajasthan. Mountain Forest: Mountain forests differ significantly along the slopes of the mountain. On the foothills of the Himalayas until a height of 1500 meters, evergreen trees like Sal, teak, and bamboo grow copiously. On the higher slope, temperate conifer trees like pine, fir, and oak grow. At the higher elevation of the Himalayas, rhododendrons and junipers are found. Further, than these vegetation zones, alpine grasslands appear up to the snowfield. Wildlife in India India is home to several well known wild animal.It has a great variety of fauna as it possesses a tremendous diversity in climatic and physical condition. Animals and species can be found in every part of vegetation and are usually isolated from human contact. There is said to be about 89,451 species, which include protista, mollusca, arthropoda, amphibia, mammalia, reptilia, members of protochordata, pisces, aves and other invertebrates.                                             Bengal Tiger India is home to many rare and exotic animals who are not found anywhere else.Some examples are the Bengal Tiger, the Asiatic Lion and many more.we have many conservatories, national parks and wildlife sanctuaries to take care of them and protect them.

#### Summary

There are different kinds of plants and wildlife all around the world.In fact there will be so much difference in plantation and wildlife in different regions of the same country itself. India has quite a diverse natural vegetation and wildlife in it. Natural Vegetation It refers to plant vegetation that has grown on its own without any human aid. They have been left undisturbed by the humans for a long time. It is a community of living trees and organisms associated with it. It covers a considerable area. It is perfectly capable of utilising sunrays, air, water and earthly materials to attain maturity and reproduce itself.   Types of Vegetation in the World     Forests These forests are also called tropical Evergreen. It is a dense area with a lot of trees. The forest is usually classified by the trees that are found in them. There are different types of forests. The trees in the forest largely depend on the climatic conditions of the region. Some of the examples of the forest are Temperate forest, Mediterranean forest, etc.   Grasslands These regions are usually flat. Here the primary form of vegetation is grass and is extended till miles. There are different types of grasslands as well. Mainly Tropical grasslands and Temperate grasslands. The Savannas of Africa are the most famous grasslands. It is an important source for weeds and crops.   Dessert Desert is a dry region with arid climatic conditions. This is the reason for not having a lot of vegetation in this region. The soil mostly consists of sand and gravel. So the vegetation that grows here is adapted to this type of condition. The plants usually have long roots and stem to store water in it. One example of such vegetation is cactus.   Tundra This type of vegetation is found in the coldest part of the world like the arctic region. Vegetation in India                                         Tropical Evergreen Forest   Tropical Evergreen Forest: The tropical evergreen forests usually occur in areas receiving more than 200 cm of rainfall and having a temperature of 15 to 30 degrees Celsius. They are largely found in the Northeastern regions of Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Assam, Nagaland, the Western Ghats, the Terai areas of the Himalayas and the Andaman groups of Islands.  They are also found in the hills of Khasi and Jaintia.  Deciduous Forest: They are the most widespread forests of India. Also called the monsoon forests and spread over the region receiving rainfall between 200 cm and 70 cm. Trees of this forest ­type shed their leaves for about six to eight weeks in dry summer. On the basis of the availability of water, these forests are further divided into moist and dry deciduous.   Desert Vegetation:  These forests grow in areas where the precipitation is between 50 cm and 100 cm. It mostly consists of bushes, acacia, cacti and date trees. These are mainly seen in the areas of the Central Deccan plateau, Punjab, Haryana, parts of Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and South-east of Rajasthan. Mountain Forest: Mountain forests differ significantly along the slopes of the mountain. On the foothills of the Himalayas until a height of 1500 meters, evergreen trees like Sal, teak, and bamboo grow copiously. On the higher slope, temperate conifer trees like pine, fir, and oak grow. At the higher elevation of the Himalayas, rhododendrons and junipers are found. Further, than these vegetation zones, alpine grasslands appear up to the snowfield. Wildlife in India India is home to several well known wild animal.It has a great variety of fauna as it possesses a tremendous diversity in climatic and physical condition. Animals and species can be found in every part of vegetation and are usually isolated from human contact. There is said to be about 89,451 species, which include protista, mollusca, arthropoda, amphibia, mammalia, reptilia, members of protochordata, pisces, aves and other invertebrates.                                             Bengal Tiger India is home to many rare and exotic animals who are not found anywhere else.Some examples are the Bengal Tiger, the Asiatic Lion and many more.we have many conservatories, national parks and wildlife sanctuaries to take care of them and protect them.

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