Adolescence and Reproductive Health

Reproductive health
A person with complete physical and mental health is termed a healthy individual. Good personal hygiene is the first step to good health. Reproductive health involves personal hygiene and proper caring for our body especially reproductive parts by keeping them clean.

Adolescents should maintain proper reproductive health by personal hygiene as almost all the body parts are active. Adolescents need to engage themselves at different types of work to be active.  

Measures to be taken by adolescents




Food
Adolescents should consume a balanced diet. A balanced diet contains nutrients like carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals and water in right proportions.
       •  Healthy food has more nutritional value. Food they consume should include leafy vegetables, jaggery, meat, milk, multigrains, citrus fruits etc. 
       •  Adolescents need to avoid junk food as they have no or little nutritional value. Oily junk foods also increase the secretion of sebaceous glands which results in acne.
       •  Balanced diet helps in elongation of bones, strengthening of muscles and proper development of reproductive organs.

Cleanliness 
Cleaning of private parts is important to prevent possible infections.
       •  Girls should take special care during their periods occurring during menstrual cycles.
       •  Body parts such as hair, skin, nails and feet are vulnerable to bacterial and fungal infections.

Frequent bathing
The activity of sweat glands increases in puberty and releases bad odour from the body.
       •  Sweat provides favourable environment for the microorganisms to divide. Frequent bathing and usage of deodorants are the must for adolescents to get rid of sweat.
       •  Penis and urethra should be washed repeatedly to prevent them from microbial infections.

Exercise
Physical exercise keeps the body fit and healthy as it releases lot of sweat.
       •  Sweating helps you to release toxins and wastes from your body.
       •  Exercise also get rids lethargy.
       •  Walking and jogging keep the body warm and help in breathing oxygen-rich fresh air.

Mental balance
Peer pressure is best addressed by self-confidence and a healthy lifestyle.
       •  Mental balance has to be maintained to overcome the prevailing insecurity.
       •  Emotional instability should be overcome by spending time with family.
       •  Most often adolescents undergo mood swings.
       •  Intellectual development is observed in adolescents which can be utilised for obtaining more knowledge.

Say no to drugs
Drugs like narcotics should be totally avoided. A person should not be in confused state to accept drugs.
       •  Drugs make a person dull in his way of thinking, studies and even daily activities.
       •  Beware of HIV, which can be transmitted from an infected person to a healthy person by sharing syringes used for injecting drugs.

Awareness
In India, the legal age for marriage is 21 years for a boy and 18 years for a girl.
       •  Pregnancy occurs only by sexual contact.
       •  Reproductive health and reproductive care are must for bearing a child and the parenthood.
       •  A person should not involve in sex before marriage.
       •  Beware of HIV, which is a sexually transmitted disease leading to AIDS.

Summary

Reproductive health
A person with complete physical and mental health is termed a healthy individual. Good personal hygiene is the first step to good health. Reproductive health involves personal hygiene and proper caring for our body especially reproductive parts by keeping them clean.

Adolescents should maintain proper reproductive health by personal hygiene as almost all the body parts are active. Adolescents need to engage themselves at different types of work to be active.  

Measures to be taken by adolescents




Food
Adolescents should consume a balanced diet. A balanced diet contains nutrients like carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals and water in right proportions.
       •  Healthy food has more nutritional value. Food they consume should include leafy vegetables, jaggery, meat, milk, multigrains, citrus fruits etc. 
       •  Adolescents need to avoid junk food as they have no or little nutritional value. Oily junk foods also increase the secretion of sebaceous glands which results in acne.
       •  Balanced diet helps in elongation of bones, strengthening of muscles and proper development of reproductive organs.

Cleanliness 
Cleaning of private parts is important to prevent possible infections.
       •  Girls should take special care during their periods occurring during menstrual cycles.
       •  Body parts such as hair, skin, nails and feet are vulnerable to bacterial and fungal infections.

Frequent bathing
The activity of sweat glands increases in puberty and releases bad odour from the body.
       •  Sweat provides favourable environment for the microorganisms to divide. Frequent bathing and usage of deodorants are the must for adolescents to get rid of sweat.
       •  Penis and urethra should be washed repeatedly to prevent them from microbial infections.

Exercise
Physical exercise keeps the body fit and healthy as it releases lot of sweat.
       •  Sweating helps you to release toxins and wastes from your body.
       •  Exercise also get rids lethargy.
       •  Walking and jogging keep the body warm and help in breathing oxygen-rich fresh air.

Mental balance
Peer pressure is best addressed by self-confidence and a healthy lifestyle.
       •  Mental balance has to be maintained to overcome the prevailing insecurity.
       •  Emotional instability should be overcome by spending time with family.
       •  Most often adolescents undergo mood swings.
       •  Intellectual development is observed in adolescents which can be utilised for obtaining more knowledge.

Say no to drugs
Drugs like narcotics should be totally avoided. A person should not be in confused state to accept drugs.
       •  Drugs make a person dull in his way of thinking, studies and even daily activities.
       •  Beware of HIV, which can be transmitted from an infected person to a healthy person by sharing syringes used for injecting drugs.

Awareness
In India, the legal age for marriage is 21 years for a boy and 18 years for a girl.
       •  Pregnancy occurs only by sexual contact.
       •  Reproductive health and reproductive care are must for bearing a child and the parenthood.
       •  A person should not involve in sex before marriage.
       •  Beware of HIV, which is a sexually transmitted disease leading to AIDS.

Videos

Activities

Activity 1
Arhp.org has designed a template to explain the concept of 'Birth Control'. The template displays two headings as 'The menstruation cycle' and 'Compare hormonal methods'. It provides a clear explanation about the hormones responsible for regulation of  'Menstrual cycle'.Clicking on the topics, student can obtain related information about the topic. All the information about reproductive health is clearly explained in the template.
Go to Activity

Activity 2
Teachingsexualhealth.ca has devised a template on the concept 'Puberty changes'. As the page is displayed, just scroll down the page using mouse buttons or arrow keys. One can note the changes in the body of a boy and girl on attaining puberty. By just visualising these changes in the form of captions, student can remember them well. 
Go to Activity

Activity 3
Teachingsexualhealth.ca unravelled the information about the concept of 'Sexual health'. User has to scroll the page down with a mouse or with the help of arrow keys. It emphasised on Sexually transmitted diseases, their prevention, their diagnosis, menstrual cycle, various reproductive organs, adolescent health, specifically STIs etc.   
Go to Activity

References

Previous
Next