Notes On Why Do We Need A Constitution? - CBSE Class 9 Civics
     WHY DO WE NEED A CONSTITUTION?   A body of fundamental principles  that constitute the legal basis of a polity, organisation or other type of entity and commonly determines how that entity is to be governed is called a constitution. The most simple answer to the above question is that we need a constitution to protect our basic rights to life,liberty and property.     The government must have powers to do its job.These powers are written in the constitution.   The government must have the following powers :    Make laws. Implement those laws. Referees if there are any disagreements in interpreting those laws.   In republican democracies, these three  powers are assigned to three distinct and different bodies of government as one of the rules to limit the powers of the government. These powers are called:   1. Legislative (Congress) - makes laws;   2. Executive (President) - implements these laws;   3. Judiciary (Supreme Court) - referees if there are disagreements in interpreting the laws.     A constitution has the following functions :    It is important for a country as it determines the relationship of citizens with the government. It has rules and regulations for different ethnic and religious groups which helps them to live in harmony. It also has guidelines on how the government should be elected. It also states  who will have the power and responsibility to take important decisions. It also tells us the rights of every citizen.

#### Summary

     WHY DO WE NEED A CONSTITUTION?   A body of fundamental principles  that constitute the legal basis of a polity, organisation or other type of entity and commonly determines how that entity is to be governed is called a constitution. The most simple answer to the above question is that we need a constitution to protect our basic rights to life,liberty and property.     The government must have powers to do its job.These powers are written in the constitution.   The government must have the following powers :    Make laws. Implement those laws. Referees if there are any disagreements in interpreting those laws.   In republican democracies, these three  powers are assigned to three distinct and different bodies of government as one of the rules to limit the powers of the government. These powers are called:   1. Legislative (Congress) - makes laws;   2. Executive (President) - implements these laws;   3. Judiciary (Supreme Court) - referees if there are disagreements in interpreting the laws.     A constitution has the following functions :    It is important for a country as it determines the relationship of citizens with the government. It has rules and regulations for different ethnic and religious groups which helps them to live in harmony. It also has guidelines on how the government should be elected. It also states  who will have the power and responsibility to take important decisions. It also tells us the rights of every citizen.

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