A major restructuring of the political systems of the world happened during the twentieth century. Countries that had established democracy during 1900s were the United States and Canada in North America, and the United Kingdom, France, Norway and Greece in Europe. By the 1950s, some countries in Asia gained independence and subsequently formed democratic governments of their own like India, Japan and the Philippines.
Another major country which became a democracy around 1950s is Australia. By the year 2000, African countries started their transition towards democracy. Major countries that are still non-democratic are North Korea, Myanmar and China in Asia, Saudi Arabia in the Middle East, Peru in South America, Morocco, Libya, Somalia and Sudan in Africa, and Belarus in Europe.
Some important factors:
- Democracy spread throughout the world during the 20th century.
- Democracy did not spread evenly in all parts of the world, but in different regions and in different phases.
- While a majority of the countries are democratic, there are still large parts of Africa and Asia that are not democratic.