Democracy is a form of government in which the rulers are elected by the people. A referendum is a direct vote in which the electorate is asked to either accept or reject a proposal.
In a democracy, before the elections, adequate leeway needs to be given for normal political activity and opposition. The citizens should be free to think and form opinions, to be able to express these opinions in public, form associations, and take other political actions.
Four features of democracy as a form of government emerge on the basis of examples:
- The elected representatives of the people should have the final decision-making power.
- The foundation of a democracy is free and fair elections, in which the ruling party also faces a fair chance of losing.
- This choice and opportunity is available to all the people on an equal basis.
- A democratic government rules within the limits set by constitutional law and citizens’ rights.