Active and Passive Voice - Rules to Convert

What is VOICE?
Voice is the form of a verb which shows whether the subject does something or has something done to it. We have two voices in English

(a) Active Voice

(b)Passive Voice

(a) Active Voice
 A verb is in the active voice when its subject does something, or in simple words the active voice indicates that the subject is performing the action. e.g.

i)He writes good stories.
ii) We eat all the mangoes.
iii) They play cricket.
iv) I bought a new car.

In these sentences the subjects (he, we, they, I) do something, so, the verbs used are said to be in the Active Voice.

(b Passive Voice
A verb is in the passive voice when something is done to its subject, or in simple words the passive voice indicates that the action of the verb is being performed upon the subject.

i) Good stories are written by him.
ii) All the mangoes are eaten by them.
iii) Cricket is played by them.
iv) A new car is bought by me.

In these sentences, the subjects (letter, oranges, hockey, furniture) are acted upon, they remain inactive or passive and their verbs are, therefore, said to be in the passive voice.

               FORMATION OF PASSIVE VOICE FROM ACTIVE VOICE

I) Only transitive verbs (verbs that take direct object) can be used in the passive voice.

When on active verb is changed into the passive, the direct object of the active verb becomes the subject of the passive verb.

Active Voice:
Pooja delivered a wonderful speech.

Passive Voice:
A wonderful speech was delivered by Pooja

RULES TO CHANGE FROM ACTIVE TO PASSIVE VOICE

I) While going through this process (from active into passive) change the subject into the object and the object into the subject.

II)Third form of verb is used in the passive voice.

III) Use “by” after the third form of verb and before the object.

IV)Change in Pronouns: The subjective form of verb is changed into objective form.

Acitve Voice                Passive Voice

I                                     Me

We                                 Us

You                                You

He                                  Him

She                                Her

They                              Them

Who                               By whom

Summary

What is VOICE?
Voice is the form of a verb which shows whether the subject does something or has something done to it. We have two voices in English

(a) Active Voice

(b)Passive Voice

(a) Active Voice
 A verb is in the active voice when its subject does something, or in simple words the active voice indicates that the subject is performing the action. e.g.

i)He writes good stories.
ii) We eat all the mangoes.
iii) They play cricket.
iv) I bought a new car.

In these sentences the subjects (he, we, they, I) do something, so, the verbs used are said to be in the Active Voice.

(b Passive Voice
A verb is in the passive voice when something is done to its subject, or in simple words the passive voice indicates that the action of the verb is being performed upon the subject.

i) Good stories are written by him.
ii) All the mangoes are eaten by them.
iii) Cricket is played by them.
iv) A new car is bought by me.

In these sentences, the subjects (letter, oranges, hockey, furniture) are acted upon, they remain inactive or passive and their verbs are, therefore, said to be in the passive voice.

               FORMATION OF PASSIVE VOICE FROM ACTIVE VOICE

I) Only transitive verbs (verbs that take direct object) can be used in the passive voice.

When on active verb is changed into the passive, the direct object of the active verb becomes the subject of the passive verb.

Active Voice:
Pooja delivered a wonderful speech.

Passive Voice:
A wonderful speech was delivered by Pooja

RULES TO CHANGE FROM ACTIVE TO PASSIVE VOICE

I) While going through this process (from active into passive) change the subject into the object and the object into the subject.

II)Third form of verb is used in the passive voice.

III) Use “by” after the third form of verb and before the object.

IV)Change in Pronouns: The subjective form of verb is changed into objective form.

Acitve Voice                Passive Voice

I                                     Me

We                                 Us

You                                You

He                                  Him

She                                Her

They                              Them

Who                               By whom

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