Notes On Definite Article - Usage - CBSE Class 9 English Grammar

Use of the Definite Article or “The”

  • when we talk about a particular person or thing we use the definite article “the”.

Let’s go to the park.

Which one we mean the park in this town

The book you want is out of print.

Which book? The one you want.

The girl cried.

Which girl? The girl already talked about.

  • When a singular noun is meant to represent a whole class; as,

      The cow is a useful animal.

      The horse is a noble animal.

      The cat loves comfort.

  • The two nouns man and woman can be used in general sense without either article.

        Man is mortal.

  • Before the name of rivers, oceans, seas, canals, deserts, groups of islands and mountain-ranges.

e.g. The black sea. , The British island.

  • Before the name of religious, certain books and classical books.

e.g. The holy book.

  • Before names of things unique of their kind; as,

       The sun, the sky, the earth.

  • Before superlative degree; as,

          Best, darkest.

  • With ordinals; as,

          He was the first man to arrive.

          The ninth chapter of the book is very interesting.

  • Before musical instruments; as,

        He can play the flute.

  • Before words denoting natural phenomenon; as,

        The day, the night, the sunset, the rainbow.

  • Before the name of directions; as

    The east, The west.

Summary

Use of the Definite Article or “The”

  • when we talk about a particular person or thing we use the definite article “the”.

Let’s go to the park.

Which one we mean the park in this town

The book you want is out of print.

Which book? The one you want.

The girl cried.

Which girl? The girl already talked about.

  • When a singular noun is meant to represent a whole class; as,

      The cow is a useful animal.

      The horse is a noble animal.

      The cat loves comfort.

  • The two nouns man and woman can be used in general sense without either article.

        Man is mortal.

  • Before the name of rivers, oceans, seas, canals, deserts, groups of islands and mountain-ranges.

e.g. The black sea. , The British island.

  • Before the name of religious, certain books and classical books.

e.g. The holy book.

  • Before names of things unique of their kind; as,

       The sun, the sky, the earth.

  • Before superlative degree; as,

          Best, darkest.

  • With ordinals; as,

          He was the first man to arrive.

          The ninth chapter of the book is very interesting.

  • Before musical instruments; as,

        He can play the flute.

  • Before words denoting natural phenomenon; as,

        The day, the night, the sunset, the rainbow.

  • Before the name of directions; as

    The east, The west.

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