Notes On Subordinating Conjunctions - CBSE Class 9 English Grammar
These conjunctions are used to join an independent and complete clause with a dependent clause that relies on the main clause for meaning and relevance. The dependent clause cannot exist on its own as a sentence and often does not make sense without the main clause. The subordinating conjunction always comes before the dependent clause but the dependent clause itself can be placed either ahead of or following the independent clause. Example: Since they had misbehaved, the students were given ten days suspensions from school. Here, we see the dependent clause is ‘they had misbehaved’ (which is not a valid sentence by itself.) The independent main clause is ‘the boys were given one week suspensions from school’. They are joined by the subordinating conjunction ‘since’. Other subordinating conjunctions are - Although, As, Before, Once, Though, Until, Whether, etc.

#### Summary

These conjunctions are used to join an independent and complete clause with a dependent clause that relies on the main clause for meaning and relevance. The dependent clause cannot exist on its own as a sentence and often does not make sense without the main clause. The subordinating conjunction always comes before the dependent clause but the dependent clause itself can be placed either ahead of or following the independent clause. Example: Since they had misbehaved, the students were given ten days suspensions from school. Here, we see the dependent clause is ‘they had misbehaved’ (which is not a valid sentence by itself.) The independent main clause is ‘the boys were given one week suspensions from school’. They are joined by the subordinating conjunction ‘since’. Other subordinating conjunctions are - Although, As, Before, Once, Though, Until, Whether, etc.
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