Mahatma Gandhi in his book Hind Swaraj suggested that if Indians resolved not to cooperate, the British rule would get abolished. The fall off the British rule will pave the way for Swaraj or self-governance.
In March 1919, the Ali brothers, Muhammad Ali and Shaukat Ali formed the Khilafat Committee in Bombay to garner support for the Turkish Khalifa. Mahatma Gandhi realised that Khilafat movement could be used to unite Muslims and Hindus for the common cause of a national movement.
He hence launched the Non-cooperation Movement in support of Khilafat. To gain maximum reach and success, Mahatma Gandhi proposed a stage by stage strategy implementation for the movement:
- The movement had to begin with a surrender of titles, honours and honorary posts by people.
- Planned to shun or boycott Civil Services, Army, Police, British Courts and Legislative Assemblies, School and Colleges and British goods.
- The British goods were to be replaced by domestic goods or Swadeshi to promote the native cottage industries.
- In case of government suppression, Civil Disobedience Movement will be launched.
- Mobilization of popular support.
After a lot of debates the Non-Cooperation Movement was adopted by the Congress during the Nagpur conference in December 1920. Under Mahatma Gandhi’s leadership Non- cooperation-Khilafat Movement began in full force.